Higher 24-hour resin-dentin bond strengths are created when ethanol is used to replace water during wet bonding. This in vitro study examined if ethanol-wet-bonding can increase the durability of resin-dentin bonds over longer times. Five increasingly hydrophilic experimental resin blends were bonded to acid-etched dentin saturated with water or ethanol. Following composite build-ups, the teeth were reduced into beams for 24-hour microtensile bond strength evaluation, and for water-aging at 37°C for 3, 6, or 12 months before additional bond strength measurements. Although most bonds made to water-saturated dentin did not change over time, those made to ethanol-saturated dentin exhibited higher bond strengths, and none of them fell over time. Decreased collagen fibrillar diameter and increased interfibrillar spacing were seen in hybrid layers created with ethanol-wet-bonding. Increases in bond strength and durability in ethanol-wet-bonding may be due to higher resin uptake and better resin sealing of the collagen matrix, thereby minimizing endogenous collagenolytic activities.
- Dentin bonding
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