Drug repositioning of tranilast to sensitize a cancer therapy by targeting cancer-associated fibroblast

Kosuke Ochi, Ken Suzawa, Yin Min Thu, Fumiaki Takatsu, Shimpei Tsudaka, Yidan Zhu, Kentaro Nakata, Tatsuaki Takeda, Kazuhiko Shien, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Mikio Okazaki, Seiichiro Sugimoto, Tadahiko Shien, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Shuta Tomida, Shinichi Toyooka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are a major component of the tumor microenvironment that mediate resistance of cancer cells to anticancer drugs. Tranilast is an antiallergic drug that suppresses the release of cytokines from various inflammatory cells. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of tranilast on the interactions between non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and the CAFs in the tumor microenvironment. Three EGFR-mutant NSCLC cell lines, two KRAS-mutant cell lines, and three CAFs derived from NSCLC patients were used. To mimic the tumor microenvironment, the NSCLC cells were cocultured with the CAFs in vitro, and the molecular profiles and sensitivity to molecular targeted therapy were assessed. Crosstalk between NSCLC cells and CAFs induced multiple biological effects on the NSCLC cells both in vivo and in vitro, including activation of the STAT3 signaling pathway, promotion of xenograft tumor growth, induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and acquisition of resistance to molecular-targeted therapy, including EGFR-mutant NSCLC cells to osimertinib and of KRAS-mutant NSCLC cells to selumetinib. Treatment with tranilast led to inhibition of IL-6 secretion from the CAFs, which, in turn, resulted in inhibition of CAF-induced phospho-STAT3 upregulation. Tranilast also inhibited CAF-induced EMT in the NSCLC cells. Finally, combined administration of tranilast with molecular-targeted therapy reversed the CAF-mediated resistance of the NSCLC cells to the molecular-targeted drugs, both in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that combined administration of tranilast with molecular-targeted therapy is a possible new treatment strategy to overcome drug resistance caused by cancer-CAF interaction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • cancer-associated fibroblast
  • drug resistance
  • tranilast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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