Downregulation of topoisomerase IIβ in myeloid leukemia cell lines leads to activation of apoptosis following all-trans retinoic acid-induced differentiation/growth arrest

K. Chikamori, J. E. Hill, D. R. Grabowski, E. Zarkhin, A. G. Grozav, S. A.J. Vaziri, J. Wang, A. V. Gudkov, L. R. Rybicki, R. M. Bukowski, A. Yen, M. Tanimoto, M. K. Ganapathi, R. Ganapathi

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the topoisomerase (topo) II isozymes (α and β), topo IIβ has been suggested to regulate differentiation. In this study, we examined the role of topo IIβ in all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced differentiation of myeloid leukemia cell lines. Inhibition of topo IIβ activity or downregulation of protein expression enhanced ATRA-induced differentiation/growth arrest and apoptosis. ATRA-induced apoptosis in topo IIβ-deficient cells involved activation of the caspase cascade and was rescued by ectopic expression of topo IIβ. Gene expression profiling led to the identification of peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2) as a candidate gene that was downregulated in topo IIβ-deficient cells. Reduced expression of PRDX2 validated at the mRNA and protein level, in topo IIβ-deficient cells correlated with increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) following ATRA-induced differentiation. Overexpression of PRDX2 in topo IIβ-deficient cells led to reduced accumulation of ROS and partially reversed ATRA-induced apoptosis. These results support a role for topo IIβ in survival of ATRA-differentiated myeloid leukemia cells. Reduced expression of topo IIβ induces apoptosis in part by impairing the anti-oxidant capacity of the cell owing to downregulation of PRDX2. Thus, suppression of topo IIβ and/or PRDX2 levels in myeloid leukemia cells provides a novel approach for improving ATRA-based differentiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-1818
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Chikamori, K., Hill, J. E., Grabowski, D. R., Zarkhin, E., Grozav, A. G., Vaziri, S. A. J., Wang, J., Gudkov, A. V., Rybicki, L. R., Bukowski, R. M., Yen, A., Tanimoto, M., Ganapathi, M. K., & Ganapathi, R. (2006). Downregulation of topoisomerase IIβ in myeloid leukemia cell lines leads to activation of apoptosis following all-trans retinoic acid-induced differentiation/growth arrest. Leukemia, 20(10), 1809-1818. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2404351