Objective: To examine the role of TESTIN as a candidate tumor suppressor gene in head and neck carcinogenesis. Design: Mutation and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression analyses. Setting: Academic research. Patients: Paired normal and tumor samples were obtained from 38 patients with primary head and neck squa- mous cell carcinoma. Main Outcome Measures: Analysis and comparison of TESTIN gene mRNA expression and its relationship to clinicopathologic variables. Results: Mutation analysis showed a nucleotide and amino acid change in 6 of the 38 tumor samples (16.0%). Semiquantitative mRNA expression analysis of TESTIN revealed a decreased expression in approximately 50% of the tumors compared with their matched normal controls. Interestingly, comparison of clinicopathologic vari ables to mRNA expression status of TESTIN revealed a significant difference in terms of cancer history (P = .03). Moreover, a higher smoking ratio and a family cancer history were also associated with downregulation of TESTIN, although the difference was not statistically significant (P =.43 and P =.16, respectively). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated a worse survival rate among the patients with low TESTIN expression compared with the patients with normal-high TESTIN expression. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that inactivation of TESTIN is involved in head and neck carcinogenesis through its downregulation. Further studies in various human cancer tissues using a large sample size and in vitro functional studies as well as clinical comparison research studies would give us a better evaluation of TESTINs role and its possible future application in molecular diagnosis and treatment of different cancer types, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2009|
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