Transcription factors p53 and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) have been implicated in apoptosis induced by DNA-damaging agents, but the relationship between these two factors at the molecular level is largely unknown. We have isolated apoptosis-resistant mutant sublines from a radiosensitive mouse lymphoma 3SB cell line that undergoes p53-dependent apoptosis after X-ray irradiation, and we have analyzed the NF-κB activity. Two of these apoptosis-resistant sublines expressed mutant p53 protein and exhibited a defect in the induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 after X-ray irradiation. A decrease in the DNA binding activity of NF-κB was observed in the parental 3SB cells after exposure to X-rays, whereas the same activity was unaffected by radiation in the two mutant sublines. A similar down- regulation of NF-κB activity by X-rays was observed in thymocytes derived from p53 wild-type and heterozygous mice, but not in thymocytes from p53 homozygous knockout mice. These results suggest that NF-κB inactivation is p53 dependent and is required for X-ray-induced apoptosis in thymic lymphoma cells and normal thymocytes.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research