The standard CHOP therapy for peripheral T-cell lymphoma has resulted in unsatisfactory outcomes and it is still not clear what is the optimal front-line therapy. We conducted a multicenter phase II study of dose-adjusted etoposide, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide with vincristine and prednisone (EPOCH) for untreated peripheral T-cell lymphoma patients. In this prospective study, 41 patients were treated with dose-adjusted-EPOCH as initial therapy: peripheral T-cell lym-phoma-not otherwise specified, n=21; angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, n=17; anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma, n=2; and anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma, n=1. Median patient age was 64 years (range: 32-79 years). According to the International Prognostic Index criteria, 51.2% were at high-intermediate or high risk. The overall response and complete response rates were 78.0% [95% confidence interval (CI): 62.4-89.4%] and 61.0% (95%CI: 44.5-75.8%), respectively. At the median follow up of 24.0 months, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 53.3% (95%CI: 36.4-67.5%) and 73.2% (95%CI: 56.8-84.1%), respectively. The younger patients (≤ 60 years old) had a high response rate (overall response 94.1% and complete response 70.6%) and survival rate (progression-free survival 62.5% and overall survival 82.4%). The most common grade ≥ 3 adverse events were neutropenia (74.5%), anemia (40.8%), thrombocytopenia (22.0%), and febrile neutropenia (9.0%). Dose-adjusted-EPOCH had a high response rate with a tolerable toxicity profile. Our results indicate that dose-adjusted-EPOCH is a reasonable first-line approach for peripheral T-cell lymphoma patients and may improve outcomes. (UMIN trial registration number: UMIN000000829).
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