Dopaminergic neuroprotective effects of rotigotine via 5-HT1A receptors: Possibly involvement of metallothionein expression in astrocytes

Nami Isooka, Ikuko Miyazaki, Ryo Kikuoka, Kouichi Wada, Erika Nakayama, Kotaro Shin, Daichi Yamamoto, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Masato Asanuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Astrocytes exert neuroprotective effects through production of antioxidant molecules and neurotrophic factors. A recent study showed that stimulation of astrocyte serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptors promotes astrocyte proliferation and upregulation of the antioxidant molecules metallothionein (MT)-1,2, which protect dopaminergic neurons against oxidative stress. Rotigotine, an anti-parkinsonian drug, can bind to dopamine and 5-HT1A receptors. In this study, we examined neuroprotective effects of rotigotine in models of Parkinson's disease and involvement of astrocyte 5-HT1A receptors in neuroprotective effects of rotigotine against dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Rotigotine increased the number of astrocytes and MT-1,2 expression in cultured astrocytes. Pretreatment with conditioned media from rotigotine-treated astrocytes significantly inhibited 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity. These effects were completely blocked by a 5-HT1A antagonist or MT-1,2 specific antibody. Subcutaneous administration of rotigotine increased MT-1,2 expression in striatal astrocytes and prevented reduction of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of a 6-OHDA-lesioned mouse model of Parkinson's disease. These effects were blocked by co-administration with a 5-HT1A antagonist. These results suggest that rotigotine exerts neuroprotective effects through upregulation of MT expression in astrocytes by targeting 5-HT1A receptors. Our findings provide a possible therapeutic application of rotigotine to prevent dopaminergic neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104608
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • Dopamine agonist
  • Metallothionein
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Rotigotine
  • Serotonin 1A receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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