Does Multifunctional Acrylate’s Addition to Methacrylate Improve Its Flexural Properties and Bond Ability to CAD/CAM PMMA Block?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of a multifunctional acrylate copolymer—Trimethylolpropane Triacrylate (TMPTA) and Di-pentaerythritol Polyacrylate (A-DPH)—on the mechanical properties of chemically polymerized acrylic resin and its bond strength to a CAD/CAM polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) disk. The methyl methacrylate (MMA) samples were doped with one of the following comonomers: TMPTA, A-DPH, or Trimethylolpropane Trimethacrylate (TMPTMA). The doping ratio ranged from 10 wt% to 50 wt% in 10 wt% increments. The flexural strength (FS) and modulus (FM) of PMMA with and without comonomer doping, as well as the shear bond strength (SBS) between the comonomer-doped PMMA and CAD/CAM PMMA disk, were evaluated. The highest FS (93.2 ± 4.2 MPa) was obtained when doped with 20 wt% of TMPTA. For TMPTMA, the FS decreased with the increase in the doping ratio. For SBS, TMPTA showed almost constant values (ranging from 7.0 to 8.2 MPa) regardless of the doping amount, and A-DPH peaked at 10 wt% doping (8.7 ± 2.2 MPa). TMPTMA showed two peaks at 10 wt% (7.2 ± 2.6 MPa) and 40 wt% (6.5 ± 2.3 MPa). Regarding the failure mode, TMPTMA showed mostly adhesive failure between the CAD/CAM PMMA disk and acrylic resin while TMPTA and A-DPH showed an increased rate of cohesive or mixed failures. Acrylate’s addition as a comonomer to PMMA provided improved mechanical properties and bond strength to the CAD/CAM PMMA disk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7564
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • acrylate
  • CAD/CAM
  • flexural strength
  • methacrylate
  • shear bond strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Does Multifunctional Acrylate’s Addition to Methacrylate Improve Its Flexural Properties and Bond Ability to CAD/CAM PMMA Block?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this