Does Caregiver's social bonding enhance the health of their children? The association between social capital and child behaviors

Takeo Fujiwara, Soshi Takao, Toshihide Iwase, Jun Hamada, Ichiro Kawachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about the association between social capital and child behaviors. This study aims to investigate that association A complete population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted for all the caregivers with preschool children in a rural town in Okayama prefecture in Japan. Two dimensions of individual-level social capital and unhealthy child behaviors were reported by parent-administered questionnaire. We analyzed 354 preschool children (57.6% of all children for whom questionnaires were completed). Children whose main caregiver had high cognitive social capital were 89% less likely to miss breakfast (odds ratio [OR] =0.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.01-1.03). Children whose caregiver had high structural social capital were 71 % less likely to wake up late (OR = 0.29; 95% CI: 0.120.71) and 78% less likely to skip tooth brushing more than once per day (OR = 0.22; 95% CI: 0.05-0.93). Both cognitive and structural social capital were negatively associated with unhealthy child behaviors. A further intervention study is needed to confirm the impact of social capital on child behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-350
Number of pages8
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Volume66
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Child Behavior
Caregivers
Health
Odds Ratio
Preschool Children
Confidence Intervals
Breakfast
Child Health
Social Capital
Object Attachment
Tooth
Japan
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Skipping breakfast
  • Social capital
  • Tooth brushing
  • Watching TV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Little is known about the association between social capital and child behaviors. This study aims to investigate that association A complete population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted for all the caregivers with preschool children in a rural town in Okayama prefecture in Japan. Two dimensions of individual-level social capital and unhealthy child behaviors were reported by parent-administered questionnaire. We analyzed 354 preschool children (57.6{\%} of all children for whom questionnaires were completed). Children whose main caregiver had high cognitive social capital were 89{\%} less likely to miss breakfast (odds ratio [OR] =0.11; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 0.01-1.03). Children whose caregiver had high structural social capital were 71 {\%} less likely to wake up late (OR = 0.29; 95{\%} CI: 0.120.71) and 78{\%} less likely to skip tooth brushing more than once per day (OR = 0.22; 95{\%} CI: 0.05-0.93). Both cognitive and structural social capital were negatively associated with unhealthy child behaviors. A further intervention study is needed to confirm the impact of social capital on child behavior.",
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AU - Hamada, Jun

AU - Kawachi, Ichiro

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