DNA transposon fossils present on the conditionally dispensable chromosome controlling AF-toxin biosynthesis and pathogenicity of Alternaria alternata

Rieko Hatta, Akihisa Shinjo, Sheila Ruswandi, Keiji Kitani, Mikihiro Yamamoto, Kazuya Akimitsu, Takashi Tsuge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The strawberry pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces host-specific AF-toxin and causes Alternaria black spot of strawberry. Previously, we isolated cosmid clones pcAFT-1 and pcAFT-2 from strain NAF8 of the strawberry pathotype that contain AF-toxin biosynthetic genes, named AFT genes. In a molecular characterization here of pcAFT-1 and pcAFT-2, 11 AFT genes and five transposon-like sequences, named TLS-S1 to TLS-S5, were detected. The nucleotide sequences of TLS-S1 and TLS-S4 share high homology, and their putative products have similarity to transposases of the hAT family transposons. Thus, TLS-S1 and TLS-S4 were renamed TLS-S1-1 and TLS-S1-2, respectively. Amino acid sequences deduced from TLS-S2, TLS-S3, and TLS-S5 have similarity to transposases of the Fot1/Pogo family transposons, but they are significantly different. All five sequences have incomplete open reading frames (ORFs) for transposases owing to deletions, termination codons, and/or frameshifts, indicating that they are inactivated elements. Analysis of genomic distribution of these sequences revealed that they are specifically distributed on a 1.05-Mb chromosome of NAF8, which has been identified as a conditionally dispensable (CD) chromosome encoding AFT genes. The presence of three, four, and three copies of TLS-S1, TLS-S2, and TLS-S3, respectively, and a single copy of TLS-S5 on the CD chromosome were estimated by DNA gel blot analysis. The remaining copy of TLS-S1 and the three copies of TLS-S2 were isolated and identified to also encode incomplete ORFs. Thus, it appears that all copies of the transposon-like sequences identified are inactivated elements (fossils) unique to the CD chromosome in the genome of the strawberry pathotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-219
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of General Plant Pathology
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006

Keywords

  • AF-toxin
  • Alternaria alternata
  • Class II transposon
  • Conditionally dispensable chromosome
  • Host-specific toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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