Diversity and epidemiology of plant rhabdoviruses

Ralf G. Dietzgen, Nicolas E. Bejerman, Michael M. Goodin, Colleen M. Higgins, Ordom B. Huot, Hideki Kondo, Kathleen M. Martin, Anna E. Whitfield

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Plant rhabdoviruses are recognized by their large bacilliform particles and for being able to replicate in both their plant hosts and arthropod vectors. This review highlights selected, better studied examples of plant rhabdoviruses, their genetic diversity, epidemiology and interactions with plant hosts and arthropod vectors: Alfalfa dwarf virus is classified as a cytorhabdovirus, but its multifunctional phosphoprotein is localized to the plant cell nucleus. Lettuce necrotic yellows virus subtypes may differentially interact with their aphid vectors leading to changes in virus population diversity. Interactions of rhabdoviruses that infect rice, maize and other grains are tightly associated with their specific leafhopper and planthopper vectors. Future outbreaks of vector-borne nucleorhabdoviruses may be predicted based on a world distribution map of the insect vectors. The epidemiology of coffee ringspot virus and its Brevipalpus mite vector is illustrated highlighting the symptomatology and biology of a dichorhavirus and potential impacts of climate change on its epidemiology.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number197942
    JournalVirus research
    Volume281
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2020

    Keywords

    • Arthropod vectors
    • Epidemiology
    • Genetic diversity
    • Plant-virus-vector molecular interactions
    • Rhabdovirus
    • Taxonomy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Virology
    • Infectious Diseases
    • Cancer Research

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