Diurnal variation of Cb-clusters over China and its relation to large-scale conditions in the summer of 1979

Kuranoshin Kato, Jun Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Iwasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The appearance frequency of Cb-clusters and its diurnal variation were examined in relation to large-scale conditions based on the observational data from June to August 1979. The analysis was applied to the three stages in the seasonal march in that year, i. e., "Pre-Meiyu" (1-17 June), Meiyu (20 June-22 July) and "Mid-summer" (23 July-17 August). The main results are as follows. (1) The Cb-clusters appeared frequently not only in the Baiu frontal zone but also in North to Northeast China (Area N1) in "Meiyu", and in Central China (Area C2) in "Mid-summer". A remarkable diurnal variation of appearance frequency of the Cb-clusters with an evening maximum was observed in Area Nl in Meiyu and Area C2 in Mid-summer. The daily maximum of ground surface temperature in these two cases was very high. (2) In Area Nl in "Meiyu", the Cb-clusters with diurnal variation were mainly embedded in largescale cloud systems corresponding to slow-moving upper4evel lows or troughs. The specific humidity in the lower layer increased from "Pre-Meiyu" to "Meiyu". These two factors, as well as the strong surface heating, would provide a favorable condition for the frequent appearance of Cb-clusters due to the increase of convective instability. The large-scale horizontal convergence in the lower layer was stronger at 12 UTC (20 BST) than at 00 UTC (08 BST), which would lead to the development of Cb-clusters in the evening. (3) Area C2 was covered by the subtropical high, and the low-level divergence was generally stronger at 12 UTC than at 00 UTC. In spite of these conditions, the isolated Cb-clusters developed very frequently in the evening. The very strong surface heating in the daytime could contribute to release of the strong convective instability by generating meso-scale upward motion as a trigger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1234
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Volume73
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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diurnal variation
summer
mesoscale motion
heating
humidity
trough
surface temperature
divergence
analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Diurnal variation of Cb-clusters over China and its relation to large-scale conditions in the summer of 1979. / Kato, Kuranoshin; Matsumoto, Jun; Iwasaki, Hiroyuki.

In: Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 73, No. 6, 1995, p. 1219-1234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Diurnal variation of Cb-clusters over China and its relation to large-scale conditions in the summer of 1979",
abstract = "The appearance frequency of Cb-clusters and its diurnal variation were examined in relation to large-scale conditions based on the observational data from June to August 1979. The analysis was applied to the three stages in the seasonal march in that year, i. e., {"}Pre-Meiyu{"} (1-17 June), Meiyu (20 June-22 July) and {"}Mid-summer{"} (23 July-17 August). The main results are as follows. (1) The Cb-clusters appeared frequently not only in the Baiu frontal zone but also in North to Northeast China (Area N1) in {"}Meiyu{"}, and in Central China (Area C2) in {"}Mid-summer{"}. A remarkable diurnal variation of appearance frequency of the Cb-clusters with an evening maximum was observed in Area Nl in Meiyu and Area C2 in Mid-summer. The daily maximum of ground surface temperature in these two cases was very high. (2) In Area Nl in {"}Meiyu{"}, the Cb-clusters with diurnal variation were mainly embedded in largescale cloud systems corresponding to slow-moving upper4evel lows or troughs. The specific humidity in the lower layer increased from {"}Pre-Meiyu{"} to {"}Meiyu{"}. These two factors, as well as the strong surface heating, would provide a favorable condition for the frequent appearance of Cb-clusters due to the increase of convective instability. The large-scale horizontal convergence in the lower layer was stronger at 12 UTC (20 BST) than at 00 UTC (08 BST), which would lead to the development of Cb-clusters in the evening. (3) Area C2 was covered by the subtropical high, and the low-level divergence was generally stronger at 12 UTC than at 00 UTC. In spite of these conditions, the isolated Cb-clusters developed very frequently in the evening. The very strong surface heating in the daytime could contribute to release of the strong convective instability by generating meso-scale upward motion as a trigger.",
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