Distribution of virulence-associated genes in Vibrio mimicus was studied including the toxin genes ctxA, tdh, st and vmh and the genes necessary for regulation of toxin production, toxR, toxS, toxT, tcpA and tcpP. Approximately half of clinical V. mimicus isolates possessed one or more genes encoding V. cholerae enterotoxic factors such as ctxA, tdh and st. All of the clinical and environmental isolates possessed vmh encoding V. mimicus hemolysin (VMH). The ctxA encoding cholera toxin was detected in only 2 strains, 5% of the clinical isolates. Furthermore, there were very few strains possessing tcpP and toxT needed for the expression of ctxA. These results may suggest that VMH is a more important pathogenic factor than well recognized toxins such as cholera toxin (CT) in V. mimicus infection.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2004|
- Enterotoxic factor
- Vibrio mimicus
- Virulence-associated genes
ASJC Scopus subject areas