Distribution of Streptococcus mutans strains with collagen-binding proteins in the oral cavity of IgA nephropathy patients

Taro Misaki, Shuhei Naka, Keiko Kuroda, Ryota Nomura, Tempei Shiooka, Yoshitaka Naito, Yumiko Suzuki, Hideo Yasuda, Taisuke Isozaki, Kazuhiko Nakano

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Abstract

Background: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary chronic glomerulonephritis; however, its precise initiating pathogenesis remains unclear. Streptococcus mutans is a major pathogen of human dental caries. S. mutans strains with the cnm gene encoding Cnm, a collagen-binding protein, have been reported to contribute to the development of systemic diseases. However, the contribution of S. mutans with Cnm in the development of IgAN has not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cnm-positive S. mutans in IgAN patients and clarify the effects of cnm-positive S. mutans on the histological pathology of IgAN. Methods: We identified the cnm gene in S. mutans isolated in saliva specimens, which were collected from IgAN patients (n = 53) and control subjects (n = 50). We evaluated the collagen-binding properties of S. mutans in IgAN patients and controls. The clinical parameters and histological scores were also assessed in IgAN patients. Results: The rates of S. mutans isolation in IgAN and control groups were 84.0 and 84.9 %, respectively, not significantly dfferent. cnm-positive strains were significantly more prevalent in the IgAN group than in controls (32.1 vs. 14.0 %, p < 0.05). With regard to collagen-binding assays, the binding rates of cnm-positive strains were significantly higher in the IgAN group than in controls (96.6 vs. 30.0, p < 0.05). In addition, the segmental glomerulosclerosis scores were significantly higher in cnm-positive patients with IgAN than in cnm-negative patients with IgAN (0.94 vs. 0.57, p < 0.05). Conclusion: cnm-positive S. mutans strains are potentially associated with the pathogenesis of IgAN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-850
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • cnm
  • Collagen-binding protein
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)

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