Distribution of basement membrane type IV collagen α chains in ameloblastoma: An immunofluorescence study

Keisuke Nakano, Chong Huat Siar, Noriyuki Nagai, Ichiro Naito, Yoshikazu Sado, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Choufuku Hoh, Katsuhiro Kurada, Hidetsugu Tsujigiwa, Mehmet Gunduz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Type IV collagen, a heterotrimeric molecule that exists in six genetically distinct forms, α1(IV)-α6(IV) is a major structural component of basement membrane (BM) and acts as a scaffold for other BM constituents. Methods: Indirect immunofluorescence using α chain-specific monoclonal antibodies was employed to clarify basement membrane (BM) collagen IV distribution in two ameloblastoma, and for comparison, on oral mucosa and tooth germ. Results: Ameloblastoma BM expressed five of six genetically distinct forms of collagen IV: α1(IV), α2(IV), α5(IV) and α6(IV) chains occurred as intense linear stainings without disruption around neoplastic epithelium, and this expression pattern was fundamentally similar to oral mucosa BM; α4(IV) expression was rare and occurred around nests of primitive tumor cells or potentially invasive sites. The tooth germ demonstrated a stage- and position-specific collagen IV distribution: the inner enamel epithelium BM expressed α1(IV), α2(IV), and α4(IV) except in the cuspal predentine region; and the outer enamel epithelium BM expressed α1(IV), α2(IV), α5(IV), and α6(IV) chains. Conclusions: Results suggest that collagen IV α chain distribution in ameloblastoma BM plays an important role in tumor cytodifferentiation and progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-499
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Oral Pathology and Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002


  • Ameloblastoma
  • Collagen IV profile
  • Indirect immunofluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Cancer Research
  • Periodontics


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