Distinct repair activities of human 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase for formamidopyrimidine and 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine

Kenjiro Asagoshi, Takao Yamada, Hiroaki Terato, Yoshihiko Ohyama, Yoshiaki Monden, Tsuyoshi Arai, Susumu Nishimura, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Tomas Lindahl, Hiroshi Ide

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7,8-Dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) and 2,6-diamino-4- hydroxyformamidopyrimidine (Fapy) are major DNA lesions formed by reactive oxygen species and are involved in mutagenic and/or lethal events in cells. Both lesions are repaired by human 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1) and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (Fpg) in human and Escherichia coli cells, respectively. In the present study, the repair activities of hOGG1 and Fpg were compared using defined oligonucleotides containing 8-oxoG and a methylated analog of Fapy (me-Fapy) at the same site. The k(cat)/K(m) values of hOGG1 for 8-oxoG and me-Fapy were comparable, and this was also the case for Fpg. However, the k(cat)/K(m) values of hOGG1 for both lesions were approximately 80-fold lower than those of Fpg. Analysis of the Schiff base intermediate by NaBH4 trapping implied that lower substrate affinity and slower hydrolysis of the intermediate for hOGG1 than Fpg accounted for the difference, hOGG1 and Fpg showed distinct preferences of the base opposite 8-oxoG, with the activity differences being 19.8- (hOGG1) and 12-fold (Fpg) between the most and least preferred bases. Surprisingly, such preferences were almost abolished and less than 2-fold for both enzymes when me-Fapy was a substrate, suggesting that, unlike 8-oxoG, me-Fapy is not subjected to paired base-dependent repair. The repair efficiency of me-Fapy randomly incorporated in M13 DNA varied at the sequence level, but orders of preferred and unpreferred repair sites were quite different for hOGG1 and Fpg. The distinctive activities of hOGG1 and Fpg including enzymatic parameters (k(cat)/K(m)), paired base, and sequence context effects may originate from the differences in the inherent architecture of the DNA binding domain and catalytic mechanism of the enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4956-4964
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 18 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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