Disease-specific screening for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism using plasma D-dimer values after total knee arthroplasty

Teruhito Yoshitaka, Nobuhiro Abe, Hiroshi Minagawa, Hirokazu Date, Yoshimasa Sakoma, Keiichiro Nishida, Toshifumi Ozaki

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10 Citations (Scopus)


We prospectively evaluated the disease-specific features of the early postoperative plasma D-dimer value and the relationship with deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary thromboembolism (DVT/PE) in 95 patients following total knee arthroplasty. Patients in whom DVT/PE was highly suspected were diagnosed by high-resolution multi-detector row computed tomography scanning (MDCT). Forty-nine knees in 46 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA, 24 knees) or osteoarthritis (OA, 25 knees) were finally recruited. DVT/PE was detected in 28 (57.1%) of the 49 cases examined by diagnostic MDCT: 12 (50.0%) of the 24 cases of RA, and 16 (64.0%) of the 25 cases of OA. Of these, PE was found in 11 cases (39.2%), but none of them showed clinical symptomatic signs of dyspnea or chest pain. In both RA and OA cases, there were statistically significant differences in the D-dimer value on postoperative day 3 (P = 0.027) and after day 28 (P = 0.037) between the groups with and without DVT/PE. In OA cases, there were significant differences between the two groups on postoperative days 1 (P = 0.034), 3 (P = 0.020), 5 (P = 0.005), and 7 (P = 0.045), respectively. At the baseline, perioperative D-dimer levels in the RA group without DVT/PE were higher than in the OA group. However, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that RA was not a significant risk factor of DVT/PE in comparison with OA. In conclusion, individual evaluation of the D-dimer level between RA and OA should provide a more precise predictive indicator of early postoperative DVT/PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalModern Rheumatology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Plasma D-dimer
  • Pulmonary thromboembolism
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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