Direct observation of the quantum phase transition of SrCu2(BO3)2 by high-pressure and terahertz electron spin resonance

Takahiro Sakurai, Yuki Hirao, Keigo Hijii, Susumu Okubo, Hitoshi Ohta, Yoshiya Uwatoko, Kazutaka Kudo, Yoji Koike

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13 Citations (Scopus)


High-pressure and high-field electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements have been performed on a single crystal of the orthogonal-dimer spin system SrCu2(BO3)2. With frequencies below 1 THz, ESR signals associated with transitions from the singlet ground state to the one-triplet excited states and the two-triplet bound state were observed at pressures up to 2.1 GPa. We obtained directly the pressure dependence of the gap energies, finding a clear first-order phase transition at Pc = 1.85 ± 0.05 GPa. By comparing this pressure dependence with the calculated excitation energies obtained from an exact diagonalization, we determined the precise pressure dependence for inter- (JA) and intra-dimer (J ) exchange interactions considering the Dzyaloshinski-Moriya interaction. Thus this system undergoes a first-order quantum phase transition from the dimer singlet phase to a plaquette singlet phase above the ratio (JA=J )c = 0.660 ± 0.003.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033701
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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