Diffusivities of rare earth elements and Ba in magmatic silicate melts at high pressures

Eizou Nakamura, Ikuo Kushiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diffusivities of 11 rare earth elements (REE) and Ba in jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) and diopside (CaMgSi2O6) melts have been measured at pressures between 10 and 20 kbar. In jadeite melt, diffusivities of REE increase regularly with increasing their ionic radii, light REE (e.g., La and Ce) diffuse faster than heavy REE (e.g., Yb and Lu) by about 30%, Eu diffuses faster by factor of 8 to 12 than other REE under reducing conditions, and diffusivities of REE increase with increasing pressure at constant temperature. In diopside melt, diffusivities of REE are nearly the same as that of Ca and decrease with increasing pressure. The present study demonstrates that diffusion process in magma should change the relative abundances of REE and also generate Eu anomalies without involvement of plagioclase feldspar. This diffusion-induced process is a newly recognized mechanism of changing the relative REE abundances in magmas and generating Eu anomalies, and it must be taken into account in interpreting the REE abundance patterns of igneous rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-47
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Japan Academy Series B: Physical and Biological Sciences
Volume73
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997

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Silicates
rare earth elements
silicates
diffusivity
Pressure
Light
Temperature
igneous rocks
anomalies
plagioclase
diopside
magma

Keywords

  • Diffusivity
  • High pressure
  • Rare earth elements
  • Silicate melt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Diffusivities of 11 rare earth elements (REE) and Ba in jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) and diopside (CaMgSi2O6) melts have been measured at pressures between 10 and 20 kbar. In jadeite melt, diffusivities of REE increase regularly with increasing their ionic radii, light REE (e.g., La and Ce) diffuse faster than heavy REE (e.g., Yb and Lu) by about 30{\%}, Eu diffuses faster by factor of 8 to 12 than other REE under reducing conditions, and diffusivities of REE increase with increasing pressure at constant temperature. In diopside melt, diffusivities of REE are nearly the same as that of Ca and decrease with increasing pressure. The present study demonstrates that diffusion process in magma should change the relative abundances of REE and also generate Eu anomalies without involvement of plagioclase feldspar. This diffusion-induced process is a newly recognized mechanism of changing the relative REE abundances in magmas and generating Eu anomalies, and it must be taken into account in interpreting the REE abundance patterns of igneous rocks.",
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AU - Kushiro, Ikuo

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N2 - Diffusivities of 11 rare earth elements (REE) and Ba in jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) and diopside (CaMgSi2O6) melts have been measured at pressures between 10 and 20 kbar. In jadeite melt, diffusivities of REE increase regularly with increasing their ionic radii, light REE (e.g., La and Ce) diffuse faster than heavy REE (e.g., Yb and Lu) by about 30%, Eu diffuses faster by factor of 8 to 12 than other REE under reducing conditions, and diffusivities of REE increase with increasing pressure at constant temperature. In diopside melt, diffusivities of REE are nearly the same as that of Ca and decrease with increasing pressure. The present study demonstrates that diffusion process in magma should change the relative abundances of REE and also generate Eu anomalies without involvement of plagioclase feldspar. This diffusion-induced process is a newly recognized mechanism of changing the relative REE abundances in magmas and generating Eu anomalies, and it must be taken into account in interpreting the REE abundance patterns of igneous rocks.

AB - Diffusivities of 11 rare earth elements (REE) and Ba in jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) and diopside (CaMgSi2O6) melts have been measured at pressures between 10 and 20 kbar. In jadeite melt, diffusivities of REE increase regularly with increasing their ionic radii, light REE (e.g., La and Ce) diffuse faster than heavy REE (e.g., Yb and Lu) by about 30%, Eu diffuses faster by factor of 8 to 12 than other REE under reducing conditions, and diffusivities of REE increase with increasing pressure at constant temperature. In diopside melt, diffusivities of REE are nearly the same as that of Ca and decrease with increasing pressure. The present study demonstrates that diffusion process in magma should change the relative abundances of REE and also generate Eu anomalies without involvement of plagioclase feldspar. This diffusion-induced process is a newly recognized mechanism of changing the relative REE abundances in magmas and generating Eu anomalies, and it must be taken into account in interpreting the REE abundance patterns of igneous rocks.

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