Diffusion with micro-sorption in bentonite: Evaluation by molecular dynamics and homogenization analysis

Somchai Prayongphan, Yasuaki Ichikawa, Katsuyuki Kawamura, Satoru Suzuki, Byung Gon Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We here give a numerical analysis method of a diffusion problem including sorption chemistry for bentonite clay. Bentonite predominantly consists of the microscopic smectitic clay minerals (mainly montmorillonite and beidellite). Physico-chemical properties of smectite clays such as diffusivity of chemical species and adsorptivity on surface of clay mineral are characterized by crystalline structure of hydrated smectite minerals. To obtain the microscopic properties of the hydrated smectite, the molecular behavior is analyzed by a molecular dynamic (MD) simulation. We understand at least two types of adsorption are formed on the smectite surface; outer sphere complex and inner sphere complex. The inner sphere complex occurs on the edge sites of clay minerals. The amount of mono-layer of cations on the edge surface is considered as the adsorptivity of smectite in the microscopic level. A multiscale homogenization analysis (HA) is applied to extend the microscopic characteristics of the hydrated smectite to the macroscopic behavior. The diffusion and adsorption of a radioactive specie, cesium (Cs), is introduced by this analysis. The calculated results appear to be acceptable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
JournalComputational Mechanics
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bentonite
  • Cesium
  • Diffusion
  • Homogenization
  • Hydrated smectite
  • Micro-sorption
  • Molecular dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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