Diffusion behaviour of selenite and hydroselenide in compacted bentonite

Haruo Sato, Shinya Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The apparent diffusivities (Da) for selenium (Se) in compacted bentonite were obtained at a dry density of 1.6 mg/m3 as a function of silica sand content and temperature under reducing conditions, in which the dominant species of Se is predicted to be HSe- (hydroselenide) and were compared with Da values obtained under anaerobic conditions, in which the dominant species of Se is predicted to be SeO3 2- (selenite). The experiments were carried out by an in-diffusion method and a Na bentonite, Kunigel-V1® with Na smectite content of 46-49 wt.%, was used in a series of diffusion experiments. All diffusion experiments were carried out in a controlled N2 atmosphere glove box. The effects of silica sand content and temperature on Da are altogether summarized as follows: (1) The Da values show a tendency to increase with increasing silica sand content. (2) The Da values show a tendency to increase with increasing temperature. (3) The increasing rate of Da with temperature is approximately constant, independent of silica sand content. The Da values for HSe- are about one order of magnitude smaller than those for SeO3 2-. This trend is consistent with that of distribution coefficients obtained by batch method. The Da values for HSe- were well correlative with smectite partial density for both temperatures. This indicates that Se diffusion, including retardation processes, is predominantly controlled by the properties in part of smectite. The calculated activation energies for diffusion in the porewater [Δ E a(porewater)] were in the range of 17.6-31.6 kJ/mol and were slightly higher than that of ionic diffusivity in free water [Δ E a=15.3 kJ/mol] for HS-, which takes the same species as HSe- in solution. Furthermore, the relative partial molar activation energies [?ΔEaā(relative)] calculated from Δ Ea(free water) and Δ Ea(porewater) values were in the range of -16.2 to -2.2 kJ/mol. A reason might be that the properties of the porewater of compacted bentonite are different from that of free water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume26
Issue number1-4 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Selenious Acid
Bentonite
selenite
bentonite
selenium
Silica sand
porewater
silica
Selenium
smectite
sand
activation energy
temperature
diffusivity
Water
experiment
dry density
Temperature
Activation energy
water

Keywords

  • Activation energy
  • Bentonite
  • Buffer material
  • Diffusion
  • Dry density
  • Geological disposal
  • High-level radioactive waste
  • Reducing conditions
  • Selenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geology

Cite this

Diffusion behaviour of selenite and hydroselenide in compacted bentonite. / Sato, Haruo; Miyamoto, Shinya.

In: Applied Clay Science, Vol. 26, No. 1-4 SPEC. ISS., 08.2004, p. 47-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sato, Haruo ; Miyamoto, Shinya. / Diffusion behaviour of selenite and hydroselenide in compacted bentonite. In: Applied Clay Science. 2004 ; Vol. 26, No. 1-4 SPEC. ISS. pp. 47-55.
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AU - Miyamoto, Shinya

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N2 - The apparent diffusivities (Da) for selenium (Se) in compacted bentonite were obtained at a dry density of 1.6 mg/m3 as a function of silica sand content and temperature under reducing conditions, in which the dominant species of Se is predicted to be HSe- (hydroselenide) and were compared with Da values obtained under anaerobic conditions, in which the dominant species of Se is predicted to be SeO3 2- (selenite). The experiments were carried out by an in-diffusion method and a Na bentonite, Kunigel-V1® with Na smectite content of 46-49 wt.%, was used in a series of diffusion experiments. All diffusion experiments were carried out in a controlled N2 atmosphere glove box. The effects of silica sand content and temperature on Da are altogether summarized as follows: (1) The Da values show a tendency to increase with increasing silica sand content. (2) The Da values show a tendency to increase with increasing temperature. (3) The increasing rate of Da with temperature is approximately constant, independent of silica sand content. The Da values for HSe- are about one order of magnitude smaller than those for SeO3 2-. This trend is consistent with that of distribution coefficients obtained by batch method. The Da values for HSe- were well correlative with smectite partial density for both temperatures. This indicates that Se diffusion, including retardation processes, is predominantly controlled by the properties in part of smectite. The calculated activation energies for diffusion in the porewater [Δ E a(porewater)] were in the range of 17.6-31.6 kJ/mol and were slightly higher than that of ionic diffusivity in free water [Δ E a=15.3 kJ/mol] for HS-, which takes the same species as HSe- in solution. Furthermore, the relative partial molar activation energies [?ΔEaā(relative)] calculated from Δ Ea(free water) and Δ Ea(porewater) values were in the range of -16.2 to -2.2 kJ/mol. A reason might be that the properties of the porewater of compacted bentonite are different from that of free water.

AB - The apparent diffusivities (Da) for selenium (Se) in compacted bentonite were obtained at a dry density of 1.6 mg/m3 as a function of silica sand content and temperature under reducing conditions, in which the dominant species of Se is predicted to be HSe- (hydroselenide) and were compared with Da values obtained under anaerobic conditions, in which the dominant species of Se is predicted to be SeO3 2- (selenite). The experiments were carried out by an in-diffusion method and a Na bentonite, Kunigel-V1® with Na smectite content of 46-49 wt.%, was used in a series of diffusion experiments. All diffusion experiments were carried out in a controlled N2 atmosphere glove box. The effects of silica sand content and temperature on Da are altogether summarized as follows: (1) The Da values show a tendency to increase with increasing silica sand content. (2) The Da values show a tendency to increase with increasing temperature. (3) The increasing rate of Da with temperature is approximately constant, independent of silica sand content. The Da values for HSe- are about one order of magnitude smaller than those for SeO3 2-. This trend is consistent with that of distribution coefficients obtained by batch method. The Da values for HSe- were well correlative with smectite partial density for both temperatures. This indicates that Se diffusion, including retardation processes, is predominantly controlled by the properties in part of smectite. The calculated activation energies for diffusion in the porewater [Δ E a(porewater)] were in the range of 17.6-31.6 kJ/mol and were slightly higher than that of ionic diffusivity in free water [Δ E a=15.3 kJ/mol] for HS-, which takes the same species as HSe- in solution. Furthermore, the relative partial molar activation energies [?ΔEaā(relative)] calculated from Δ Ea(free water) and Δ Ea(porewater) values were in the range of -16.2 to -2.2 kJ/mol. A reason might be that the properties of the porewater of compacted bentonite are different from that of free water.

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KW - Bentonite

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KW - Dry density

KW - Geological disposal

KW - High-level radioactive waste

KW - Reducing conditions

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