Differential response of heat-shock-induced p38 MAPK and JNK activity in PC12 mutant and PC12 parental cells for differentiation and apoptosis

Hiroyasu Murai, Fukumi Hiragami, Kenji Kawamura, Hirotoshi Motoda, Yoshihisa Koike, Shigeki Inoue, Kanae Kumagishi, Aiji Ohtsuka, Yoshio Kano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the 3 mitogen-activated protein kinases - ERK, p38 MAPK and JNK - JNK has been suggested to participate in apoptosis, whereas p38 MAPK is thought to be part of the differentiation response. There are many common inducers of JNK and p38 MAPK, but the mechanisms underlying the differential response to apoptosis and differentiation are poorly understood. We found that heatshock activated p38 MAPK at 3min after exposure to a temperature of 44°C in stress-hypersensitive PC12m3 mutant cells, while it activated JNK at 20min after the same heat treatment. However, heat shock activated p38 MAPK 5min after heat treatment and JNK l0 min after heat treatment in PC12 parental cells. The extent of phosphorylation of p38 MAPK induced by heat shock in PC12m3 cells was significantly greater than that in PC12 parental cells, and a high level of heat-shock-induced neurite outgrowth was observed only in PC12m3 cells. On the other hand, heat-shock-induced JNK activation appeared more quickly and apoptosis started earlier in PC12 parental cells. These findings indicate that short stress induces p38 MAPK and longer stress induces JNK, and that the response of these kinases to heat shock differs depending on cell type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume64
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Heat shock
  • JNK
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • PC12 mutant cells
  • p38 MAP kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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