Differential effects of NMDA and AMPA/KA receptor antagonists on c-Fos or Zif/268 expression in the rat spinal dorsal horn induced by noxious thermal or mechanical stimulation, or formalin injection

Omar I.F. Rahman, Ryuji Terayama, Tetsuya Ikeda, Mikako Koganemaru, Tadashi Nakamura, Ryosuke Shiba, Toshikazu Nishimori

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA)/kainate (KA) receptors in the induction of c-Fos and Zif/268 expression in spinal dorsal horn neurons following noxious thermal or mechanical stimulation, or formalin injection into the rat hind paw was examined by intrathecal administration of a competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV) or an AMPA/KA receptor antagonist, 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), or both, 30 min prior to noxious stimulation. APV caused a significant reduction in the level of c-Fos expression in the superficial layer induced by each of these three noxious stimuli. The effects of APV on Zif/268 expression or of CNQX on c-Fos or Zif/268 expression in the superficial layer induced by these three noxious stimuli were dependent on the type of stimulus applied to the rat hind paw. The noxious thermal stimulus-evoked c-Fos expression level was reduced by APV and/or CNQX, while Zif/268 expression was hardly changed. Both c-Fos and Zif/268 expressions following formalin injection were reduced by APV alone and APV+CNQX, but not by CNQX alone. Zif/268 expression following noxious mechanical stimulation was significantly reduced only by APV+CNQX although APV or CNQX alone did not affect the expression, while c-Fos expression was reduced by APV and APV+CNQX but not by CNQX alone. These findings suggest that NMDA and AMPA/KA receptors are differentially involved in c-Fos and Zif/268 expression in the spinal dorsal horn following noxious thermal, formalin and mechanical stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-399
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience Research
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 10 2002

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Keywords

  • AMPA/KA receptor
  • NMDA receptor
  • Noxious stimulation
  • Spinal cord
  • Zif/268
  • c-Fos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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