Differential activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and glial cells in the trigeminal sensory nuclear complex following lingual nerve injury

Ryuji Terayama, Naoko Fujisawa, Daisuke Yamaguchi, Shinji Omura, Hiroyuki Ichikawa, Tomosada Sugimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play a pivotal role in the mediation of cellular responses to a variety of signaling molecules. The current study demonstrates phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAPK in each subdivision of the trigeminal sensory nuclear complex (TSNC) following lingual nerve injury. Immunohistochemical labeling for phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) or phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) MAPK was performed in histological sections of the brainstem. A transient increase in the immunoreactivity for p-ERK was found in each subdivision of the TSNC followed by a prolonged increase in the immunoreactivity for p-p38 MAPK after nerve injury. Double immunofluorescence labeling with cell-specific markers revealed that ERK and p38 MAPK were phosphorylated predominantly by OX-42-positive microglia or GFAP-positive astrocytes. Increased immunofluorescence labeling for OX-42 and GFAP indicated that microglia and astrocytes were activated by nerve injury in the TSNC. Activation of MAPKs and glial cells in the rostral subdivisions of the TSNC was comparable with that in the subnucleus caudalis of the trigeminal spinal tract nucleus (Vc). We conclude that differential activation of MAPKs and glial cells in the rostral subdivisions of the TSNC as well as the Vc may have a substantial role in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain following trigeminal nerve injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-110
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience Research
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • ERK
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Microglia
  • Orofacial pain
  • P38 MAPK
  • Trigeminal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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