Different structures of the two peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand-binding domains in homodimeric complex with partial agonist, but not full agonist

Masao Ohashi, Takuji Oyama, Hiroyuki Miyachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We designed and synthesized acylsulfonamide derivative (3) as a human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (hPPARγ) partial agonist by structural modification of hPPARγ full agonist 1. Co-crystallization of 3 with hPPARγ LBD afforded a homodimeric complex, and X-ray crystallographic analysis at 2.1 Å resolution showed that one of the LBDs adopts a fully active structure identical with that in the complex of rosiglitazone, a full agonist; however, the other LBD in the complex of 3 exhibits a different (non-fully active) structure. Interestingly, the apo-homodimer contained similar LBD structures. Intrigued by these results, we surveyed reported X-ray crystal structures of partial agonists complexed with hPPARγ LBD homodimer, and identified several types of LBD structures distinct from the fully active structure. In contrast, both LBDs in the rosiglitazone complex have the fully active structure. These results suggest hPPARγ partial agonists lack the ability to induce fully active LBD. The presence of at least one non-fully active LBD in the agonist complex may be a useful criterion to distinguish hPPARγ partial agonists from full agonists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2639-2644
Number of pages6
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume25
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 30 2015

Keywords

  • Acylsulfonamide derivative
  • Homodimeric complex
  • PPAR
  • X-ray crystallographic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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