Different growth properties in response to epidermal growth factor and interleukin-6 of primary keratinocytes derived from normal and psoriatic lesional skin

Noritaka Oyama, Masayuki Sekimata, Yoshimichi Nihei, Keiji Iwatsuki, Yoshimi Homma, Fumio Kaneko

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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) family members and its receptor (EGFR) are thought to have an important role in the proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes. In this report, we investigated the EGF/EGFR system in primary keratinocytes derived from normal and psoriatic lesional skin. EGF elicited the growth of both normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) and psoriatic lesional keratinocytes (PLKs). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) potentiated the EGF-dependent growth of NHKs, but has no observable effect on PLKs, while IL-6 itself showed no growth-stimulating activities in both cell types. Immunodetection and in situ hybridization analyses revealed that IL-6 induces EGFR expression in NHKs in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This EGFR expression decreased reversibly to an undetectable level when IL-6-treated NHKs were re-cultured in IL-6-free conditions. On the other hand, PLKs expressed high levels of EGFR even when unstimulated and the expression level was not affected by IL- 6 stimulation. These results suggest that the EGF/EGFR system is involved in the growth of NHKs and PLKs and that IL-6 potentiates NHK growth partly through the induction of EGFR. The different EGFR regulatory system may contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes



  • Cell growth
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Interleukin-6
  • Keratinocytes
  • Psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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