Epidermal growth factor (EGF) family members and its receptor (EGFR) are thought to have an important role in the proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes. In this report, we investigated the EGF/EGFR system in primary keratinocytes derived from normal and psoriatic lesional skin. EGF elicited the growth of both normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) and psoriatic lesional keratinocytes (PLKs). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) potentiated the EGF-dependent growth of NHKs, but has no observable effect on PLKs, while IL-6 itself showed no growth-stimulating activities in both cell types. Immunodetection and in situ hybridization analyses revealed that IL-6 induces EGFR expression in NHKs in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This EGFR expression decreased reversibly to an undetectable level when IL-6-treated NHKs were re-cultured in IL-6-free conditions. On the other hand, PLKs expressed high levels of EGFR even when unstimulated and the expression level was not affected by IL- 6 stimulation. These results suggest that the EGF/EGFR system is involved in the growth of NHKs and PLKs and that IL-6 potentiates NHK growth partly through the induction of EGFR. The different EGFR regulatory system may contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
- Cell growth
- Epidermal growth factor receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas