Differences in rates of decrease of environmental radiation dose rates by ground surface property in Fukushima city after the Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant accident

Takeyasu Kakamu, Hideyuki Kanda, Masayoshi Tsuji, Daisuke Kobayashi, Masao Miyake, Takehito Hayakawa, Shin Ichiro Katsuda, Yayoi Mori, Toshiyasu Okouchi, Akihiro Hazama, Tetsuhito Fukushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011, the environmental radiation dose in Fukushima City increased. On 11 April, 1 mo after the earthquake, the environmental radiation dose rate at various surfaces in the same area differed greatly by surface property. Environmental radiation measurements continue in order to determine the estimated time to 50% reduction in environmental radiation dose rates by surface property in order to make suggestions for decontamination in Fukushima. The measurements were carried out from 11 April to 11 November 2011. Forty-eight (48) measurement points were selected, including four kinds of ground surface properties: grass (13), soil (5), artificial turf (7), and asphalt (23). Environmental radiation dose rate was measured at heights of 100 cm above the ground surface. Time to 50% reduction of environmental radiation dose rates was estimated for each ground surface property. Radiation dose rates on 11 November had decreased significantly compared with those on 11 April for all surface properties. Artificial turf showed the longest time to 50% reduction (544.32 d, standard error: 96.86), and soil showed the shortest (213.20 d, standard error: 35.88). The authors found the environmental radiation dose rate on artificial materials to have a longer 50% reduction time than that on natural materials. These results contribute to determining an order of priority for decontamination after nuclear disasters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Physics
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Accidents nuclear
  • Analysis statistical
  • Environmental assessment
  • Environmental impact

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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  • Cite this

    Kakamu, T., Kanda, H., Tsuji, M., Kobayashi, D., Miyake, M., Hayakawa, T., Katsuda, S. I., Mori, Y., Okouchi, T., Hazama, A., & Fukushima, T. (2013). Differences in rates of decrease of environmental radiation dose rates by ground surface property in Fukushima city after the Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Health Physics, 104(1), 102-107. https://doi.org/10.1097/HP.0b013e31826ab94c