Dietary iron restriction alleviates renal tubulointerstitial injury induced by protein overload in mice

Yasumasa Ikeda, Yuya Horinouchi, Hirofumi Hamano, Tasuku Hirayama, Seiji Kishi, Yuki Izawa-Ishizawa, Masaki Imanishi, Yoshito Zamami, Kenshi Takechi, Licht Miyamoto, Keisuke Ishizawa, Ken Ichi Aihara, Hideko Nagasawa, Koichiro Tsuchiya, Toshiaki Tamaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increased proteinuria causes tubulointerstitial injury due to inflammation in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Iron restriction exhibits protective effects against renal dysfunction; however, its effects against protein overload-induced tubulointerstitial damage remain unclear. Here, we investigated dietary iron restriction effect on tubulointerstitial damage in mice with protein-overload tubulointerstitial injury. Renal tubulointerstitial injury in animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of an overdose of bovine serum albumin (BSA). We divided mice into three groups: normal saline + normal diet (ND), BSA + ND, and BSA + iron-restricted diet (IRD). BSA overload induced renal tubulointerstitial injury in the ND mice, which was ameliorated in the IRD mice. Inflammatory cytokines and extracellular matrix mRNA expression was upregulated in BSA + ND mice kidneys and was inhibited by IRD. BSA-induced increase in renal superoxide production, NADPH oxidase activity, and p22phox expression was diminished in the IRD mice. IRD suppression increased BSA-induced renal macrophage infiltration. Moreover, BSA mice exhibited nucleotide-binding oligomerisation domain-like receptor pyrin domain-containing protein (NLRP) inflammasome activation, which was inhibited by IRD. Ferrous iron increased in kidneys with BSA overload and was inhibited by IRD. Thus, iron restriction inhibited oxidative stress and inflammatory changes, contributing to the protective effect against BSA overload-induced tubulointerstitial injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10621
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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