Dietary intake and physical activity in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: the Japan Diabetes Complication and its Prevention prospective study (JDCP study 8)

JDCP Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Medical nutrition therapy and exercise therapy are the cornerstones of treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes; however, there has not been a nationwide study on the actual dietary intake and physical activity status of patients since the 2000s. We aimed to clarify this in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes using data from the Japan Diabetes Complication and its Prevention prospective (JDCP), a nationwide study launched in 2007. A total of 1992 patients with type 2 diabetes, aged 40–75 years, completed either the Brief-type, self-administered Diet History Questionnaire (1643 patients) or International Physical Activity Questionnaire (1834 patients), and their data were analyzed in this study. Mean daily energy intake for all participants was 1686.8 kcal/day, and the mean proportions of carbohydrate, protein, and fat comprising total energy intake were 60.2, 16.2, and 23.6%, respectively. The patients in this study had similar energy and nutrient intake status to patients in the 1996 Japan Diabetes Complications Study; however, Japanese patients still had higher carbohydrate and lower fat consumption than patients with diabetes in Western countries. The physical activity questionnaire reported that 31.0% of patients did not have exercise habits; this was particularly noticeable in female patients and patients under the age of 65. BMI increased from 22.7 to 24.1 kg/m2 in men and 23.2 to 24.8 kg/m2 in women from 1996 to 2007, respectively. Further research is required to investigate how dietary intake and physical activity associates with the risk of developing complications in type 2 diabetes patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-357
Number of pages14
JournalDiabetology International
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Dietary intake
  • Japan
  • Physical activity
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary intake and physical activity in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: the Japan Diabetes Complication and its Prevention prospective study (JDCP study 8)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this