Objective. This study was undertaken to evaluate different criteria to establish normal disk position on magnetic resonance images. Study design. Magnetic resonance image findings of 137 consecutive patients with temporomandibular disorders and 23 asymptomatic volunteers were used in this study. Three calibrated observers interpreted the images individually. Four closed-mouth and 1 open-mouth criteria were tested for their ability to define normal and abnormal temporomandibular joint disk positions on magnetic resonance images. Results. For the 46 joints in the asymptomatic volunteers, the criterion that yielded the highest percentage of normal disk position diagnoses was the disk's intermediate zone (93.5%). Clock face criteria produced the following declining percentages of normal disk position diagnoses: 10 o'clock, 82.6%; 11 o'clock, 63.0%; and 12 o'clock, 39.1%. Similar results were obtained for the patients with temporomandibular disorders. In both groups, as the number of normal disk position diagnoses declined, the percentage of joints with a diagnosis of disk displacement with reduction increased. Conversely, the percentage of joints with a diagnosis of disk displacement without reduction (in the group of patients with temporomandibular disorders) did not appear to be substantially affected by the 4 closed-mouth disk position criteria. Conclusions. These results suggest that the intermediate zone criterion for disk displacement is the more stringent criterion and the one that would yield the lowest number of false positives when the disk position is being judged in the closed-mouth sagittal view.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery