Diagnostic ureteroscopy for cases clinically suspected of carcinoma in situ of the upper urinary tract

Katsumi Sasaki, Koichiro Wada, Motoo Araki, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Morito Sugimoto, Shin Ebara, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We elucidate the fate of cases clinically suspected of carcinoma in situ (Cis) of the upper tract with serial ureteroscopy. Of 143 patients who underwent ureteroscopy for suspected upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) between January 2008 and February 2016, 12 cases with consistently positive urine cytology and poorly detectable upper-tract malignancies by imaging were reviewed. In these 12 patients, 19 ureteroscopy procedures (25 renal units) were performed. Vesical random biopsy was performed before the 1st ureteroscopy to exclude malignancy of the bladder in all 12 cases. Median follow-up was 42 (13-67) months. Positive biopsy results at the 1st ureteroscopy were obtained in 3 (25%) patients and all were diagnosed wth Cis of the upper tract. Two (17%) of 9 patients who were negative or inconclusive at the 1st ureteroscopy were finally diagnosed as UTUC, but plural ureteroscopy procedures were needed for the diagnoses in both. Carcinoma of the bladder appeared in 5 (42%) patients during follow-up, despite the earlier ruling out of vesical malignancy. Four (33%) of those 5 patients never developed upper-tract urothelial carcinoma during follow-up. Caution is required before undertaking radical surgery for cases clinically suspected of Cis of the upper tract. In our experience, only 42% of such patients developed UTUC; another 33% eventually developed carcinoma of the bladder without UTUC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume71
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Carcinoma in situ
  • Carcinoma of the bladder
  • Upper tract urothelial carcinoma
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Urine cytology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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