Objectives: To identify the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the knee-flexed position for the detection of meniscal ramp lesions in patients with anterior cruciate ligament tears. Materials and methods: Forty-three patients (mean age 24.5 ± 9.5 years; 21 males, 22 females) with an arthroscopically proven anterior cruciate ligament tear were included in this retrospective study. The presence of the following two important features on MRI was recorded: irregularity of the medial meniscus at the posterior margin, and complete fluid filling between the posterior horn of the medial meniscus and the capsule margin. Findings obtained in arthroscopy served as the reference standard. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and inter-observer agreement were calculated. Results: Sixteen ramp lesions were noted on arthroscopy (37.2%). With an irregularity of the medial meniscus at the posterior margin on MRI, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5 and 59.3% at 10° knee flexion and 93.8 and 85.2% at 90° flexion, respectively. The complete fluid filling sign on MRI showed sensitivity and specificity of 31.3 and 100% at 10° knee flexion and 87.5 and 100% at 90° flexion, respectively. The concordance between the two observers for the two MRI features was very good (k = 0.70–0.88). Conclusion: MRI with the knee in the flexed position improves the diagnostic performance of the detection of meniscal ramp lesions compared with MRI with the knee in the extended position.
- Complete fluid filling
- Irregularity of the medial meniscus
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Ramp lesion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging