Background: IQ·SPECT is a recently introduced collimator design for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Little data exist on use of this collimator type in obese patients, particularly Class 2 or 3 [body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m2]. Methods: Two consecutive rest–stress MPI scans were prospectively acquired using a conventional collimator and IQ·SPECT (acquisition times of 20 and 7 minutes, respectively) in 20 patients with a BMI of >30 kg/m2. Assigned by two blinded, independent readers, image quality (on a 5-point scale) and metrics of myocardial perfusion [summed stress score (SSS), summed rest score (SRS) and summed difference score (SDS)] were compared. Software-based left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) was also correlated. Results: Mean BMI was 39.6 ± 7.6 kg/m2. Class 2 or 3 obesity was present in 12 patients (BMI, 44.1 ± 6.8 kg/m2). Gated/non-gated images from IQ·SPECT revealed fair to good quality scores (median ≥ 3.25), which were inferior to the conventional collimator (median ≥ 4.0; P ≤ 0.01). Significant correlative indices were achieved when comparing IQ·SPECT and conventional collimators for EF values (r = 0.86, P < 0.01), SSS (r = 0.75, P < 0.0001) and SRS (r = 0.60, P < 0.005), but not for SDS (r = 0.15). Conclusion: IQ·SPECT was comparable to conventional SPECT in obese patients. The reduced acquisition time of IQ·SPECT may allow for improved throughput with no loss in diagnostic accuracy.
- image quality
- myocardial perfusion imaging
- Single-photon emission computed tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine