Background: To determine diagnosis-based differences in the response of global ventricular performance to modified ultrafiltration (MUF) using transesophageal echocardiography during congenital heart surgery. Methods and Results: The study included 38 children with atrial septal defect (n=10), ventricular septal defect (VSD) (n=8), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) (n=9), or a single ventricle (n=11). Arteriovenous MUF was performed for 10-15 min after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The myocardial performance index (MPI) of the systemic ventricles and the % change in MPI before and after MUF were assessed. Impairment of MPI was noted at termination of CPB compared with baseline values in the VSD and TOF groups (P<0.05). MUF resulted in an improvement in MPI in all groups (P<0.01). There was a weak correlation between aortic cross-clamping or CPB time, and the degree of improvement in MPI (r=-0.385, P=0.019; r=-0.348, P=0.037, respectively). MUF improved fractional shortening in all groups (P<0.05) and reversed abnormal relaxation in the VSD and TOF groups. Conclusions: Modified ultrafiltration ameliorated MPI in all groups, indicating improved systemic ventricular function with MUF. The MPI recovery rate differed among the groups. MUF may be particularly useful for restoring the global ventricular performance of patients undergoing longer CPB and may have minimal advantages for simple open-heart surgery.
- Cardiopulmonary bypass
- Congenital heart disease
- Modified ultrafiltration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine