Developmental changes in judgment of weights addition

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As weight is invisible, some judgmental criteria are needed in judging weight. An experiment was carried out using the second, fourth, sixth, eighth graders and college students to reveal (1) what weights positions make subjects more errors in judgment of weights addition and (2) what relationships will be found between the judgments and judgmental criteria. Subjects were engaged in the tasks to judge weights addition in two conditions, height of weights and relative positions, and were asked the judgmental criteria in two situations, visual exteroceptive and realistic proprioceptive situations. Results showed clearly the developmental changes. The fourth graders dominantly produced errors in height of weights conditions and tended to depend on the criteria in realistic situations. In the contrast to this, the eighth graders committed errors in relative differences of weights positions and depended on the criteria in visual situations as well as realistic ones. Sex differences were also observed in terms of criteria. No relations between the judgments and judgmental criteria was found in girls' judgments of weights additions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Volume60
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Weights and Measures
Sex Characteristics
Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Developmental changes in judgment of weights addition. / Aoki, Tazuko.

In: Shinrigaku Kenkyu, Vol. 60, No. 2, 06.1989, p. 83-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{63d5855690d1443f96e83dc2f3e4367b,
title = "Developmental changes in judgment of weights addition",
abstract = "As weight is invisible, some judgmental criteria are needed in judging weight. An experiment was carried out using the second, fourth, sixth, eighth graders and college students to reveal (1) what weights positions make subjects more errors in judgment of weights addition and (2) what relationships will be found between the judgments and judgmental criteria. Subjects were engaged in the tasks to judge weights addition in two conditions, height of weights and relative positions, and were asked the judgmental criteria in two situations, visual exteroceptive and realistic proprioceptive situations. Results showed clearly the developmental changes. The fourth graders dominantly produced errors in height of weights conditions and tended to depend on the criteria in realistic situations. In the contrast to this, the eighth graders committed errors in relative differences of weights positions and depended on the criteria in visual situations as well as realistic ones. Sex differences were also observed in terms of criteria. No relations between the judgments and judgmental criteria was found in girls' judgments of weights additions.",
author = "Tazuko Aoki",
year = "1989",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "83--89",
journal = "Shinrigaku Kenkyu",
issn = "0021-5236",
publisher = "Japanese Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Developmental changes in judgment of weights addition

AU - Aoki, Tazuko

PY - 1989/6

Y1 - 1989/6

N2 - As weight is invisible, some judgmental criteria are needed in judging weight. An experiment was carried out using the second, fourth, sixth, eighth graders and college students to reveal (1) what weights positions make subjects more errors in judgment of weights addition and (2) what relationships will be found between the judgments and judgmental criteria. Subjects were engaged in the tasks to judge weights addition in two conditions, height of weights and relative positions, and were asked the judgmental criteria in two situations, visual exteroceptive and realistic proprioceptive situations. Results showed clearly the developmental changes. The fourth graders dominantly produced errors in height of weights conditions and tended to depend on the criteria in realistic situations. In the contrast to this, the eighth graders committed errors in relative differences of weights positions and depended on the criteria in visual situations as well as realistic ones. Sex differences were also observed in terms of criteria. No relations between the judgments and judgmental criteria was found in girls' judgments of weights additions.

AB - As weight is invisible, some judgmental criteria are needed in judging weight. An experiment was carried out using the second, fourth, sixth, eighth graders and college students to reveal (1) what weights positions make subjects more errors in judgment of weights addition and (2) what relationships will be found between the judgments and judgmental criteria. Subjects were engaged in the tasks to judge weights addition in two conditions, height of weights and relative positions, and were asked the judgmental criteria in two situations, visual exteroceptive and realistic proprioceptive situations. Results showed clearly the developmental changes. The fourth graders dominantly produced errors in height of weights conditions and tended to depend on the criteria in realistic situations. In the contrast to this, the eighth graders committed errors in relative differences of weights positions and depended on the criteria in visual situations as well as realistic ones. Sex differences were also observed in terms of criteria. No relations between the judgments and judgmental criteria was found in girls' judgments of weights additions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024677753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024677753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 83

EP - 89

JO - Shinrigaku Kenkyu

JF - Shinrigaku Kenkyu

SN - 0021-5236

IS - 2

ER -