Development of the Parental Self-Efficacy Scale for Child Autonomy toward Minor Surgery (PSESCAMS): Based on results of questionnaire surveys of parents raising children between 3 and 6 years old

Satomi Ono, Yukiko Manabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to prepare the Parental Self-Efficacy Scale for Child Autonomy toward Minor Surgery (PSESCAMS) and verify its reliability and validity. Methods: The PSESCAMS was developed based on the findings of previous qualitative studies on preschool children aged 3-6 years who were undergoing day surgery and their parents. The Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale, Maternal Self-Accomplishment Scale (MSAS), and Japanese-language version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory A-trait subscale (STAI:A-trait) were used to examine the criterion-related validity of the PSESCAMS. In addition, the test-retest method was utilized for the PSESCAMS. Results: The number of valid responses was 586. A principle component analysis of the PSESCAMS was conducted of 18 items, extracting two factors. As a result of factor analysis that assumed two factors, the two factors were named "self-efficacy for support related to child's emotional control for minor surgery" and "self-efficacy for support related to child's understanding of minor surgery". A structural equation model having high goodness of fit for the PSESCAMS was shown by a covariance structure analysis. The correlations between GSES, MSAS, STAI:A-trait and the PSESCAMS were r=0.323 (P<0.001), r=0.370 (P<0.001), and r=-0.248 (P<0.001), respectively. Cronbach's alpha of both the initial test and the test-retest for the PSESCAMS were 0.9 and the correlation between both was significant. Conclusion: The PSESCAMS consists of two categories and includes 18 items. The reliability and validity of the PSESCAMS were proved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-159
Number of pages9
JournalJapan Journal of Nursing Science
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autonomy
  • Nursing care
  • Parent
  • Self-efficacy
  • Surgery
  • Young children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

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