Development of nanograined hexagonal barium ferrite thin films by sol-gel technique

Nimai Chand Pramanik, Tatsuo Fujii, Makoto Nakanishi, Jun Takada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanograined hexagonal barium ferrite (BaFe12O19) thin films have been developed on naturally oxidized Si substrates by sol-gel technique using aqueous solution of metal chlorides. Coated films were heat treated at different temperatures ranging from 450 to 900°C, and all the films were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), inductive coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The effects of temperature on the formation of BaFe12O 19 thin film were studied, and it was observed that hexagonal barium ferrite thin films with grain sizes of about 50 nm were formed above 700°C. Study on the magnetic properties of the films by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) showed that films exhibited large saturation magnetization and high coercivity in the range 247-355 emu/cm3 and 2.70-4.22 kOe, respectively, while the Curie temperatures (□c) were in the range 443-457°C. The effects of temperatures on the magnetic properties were also studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-472
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Letters
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005

Fingerprint

Barium
barium
Sol-gels
Ferrite
ferrites
gels
Thin films
thin films
Magnetic properties
magnetic properties
Magnetometers
Saturation magnetization
Curie temperature
Coercive force
Field emission
Temperature
magnetometers
coercivity
temperature
Chlorides

Keywords

  • BaFeO nanoparticles
  • Magnetic materials
  • Sol-gel preparation
  • Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Development of nanograined hexagonal barium ferrite thin films by sol-gel technique. / Pramanik, Nimai Chand; Fujii, Tatsuo; Nakanishi, Makoto; Takada, Jun.

In: Materials Letters, Vol. 59, No. 4, 02.2005, p. 468-472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nanograined hexagonal barium ferrite (BaFe12O19) thin films have been developed on naturally oxidized Si substrates by sol-gel technique using aqueous solution of metal chlorides. Coated films were heat treated at different temperatures ranging from 450 to 900°C, and all the films were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), inductive coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The effects of temperature on the formation of BaFe12O 19 thin film were studied, and it was observed that hexagonal barium ferrite thin films with grain sizes of about 50 nm were formed above 700°C. Study on the magnetic properties of the films by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) showed that films exhibited large saturation magnetization and high coercivity in the range 247-355 emu/cm3 and 2.70-4.22 kOe, respectively, while the Curie temperatures (□c) were in the range 443-457°C. The effects of temperatures on the magnetic properties were also studied.

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