Development of microwave kinetic inductance detectors and their readout system for LiteBIRD

K. Hattori, M. Hazumi, Hirokazu Ishino, A. Kibayashi, Y. Kibe, S. Mima, T. Okamura, N. Sato, T. Tomaru, Y. Yamada, M. Yoshida, T. Yuasa, H. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primordial gravitational waves generated by inflation have produced an odd-parity pattern B-mode in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. LiteBIRD (Light satellite for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection) aims at detecting this B-mode polarization precisely. It requires about 2000 detectors capable of detecting a frequency range from 50 GHz to 250 GHz with ultra low noise. Superconducting detectors are suitable for this requirement. We have fabricated and tested microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) and developed a new readout system. We have designed antenna-coupled MKIDs. Quasi-particles are created by incident radiation and are detected as a change of the surface impedance of a superconductor strip. This change of the surface impedance is translated into the change of the resonant frequency of a microwave signal transmitted through the resonator. We also have developed a new readout system for MKIDs. The newly developed readout system is not only able to read out the amplitude and the phase data with the homodyne detection for multi-channels, but also provides a unique feature of tracking the resonant frequency of the target resonator. This mechanism enables us to detect signals with a large dynamic range. We report on the recent R&D status of the developing MKIDs and on the read-out system for LiteBIRD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-310
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume732
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Readout systems
inductance
Inductance
readout
Microwaves
Detectors
microwaves
Kinetics
detectors
kinetics
Polarization
resonant frequencies
Resonators
Natural frequencies
polarization
resonators
Homodyne detection
impedance
Acoustic impedance
Gravity waves

Keywords

  • CMB
  • LiteBIRD
  • MKID
  • Readout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Development of microwave kinetic inductance detectors and their readout system for LiteBIRD. / Hattori, K.; Hazumi, M.; Ishino, Hirokazu; Kibayashi, A.; Kibe, Y.; Mima, S.; Okamura, T.; Sato, N.; Tomaru, T.; Yamada, Y.; Yoshida, M.; Yuasa, T.; Watanabe, H.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 732, 2013, p. 306-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hattori, K. ; Hazumi, M. ; Ishino, Hirokazu ; Kibayashi, A. ; Kibe, Y. ; Mima, S. ; Okamura, T. ; Sato, N. ; Tomaru, T. ; Yamada, Y. ; Yoshida, M. ; Yuasa, T. ; Watanabe, H. / Development of microwave kinetic inductance detectors and their readout system for LiteBIRD. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2013 ; Vol. 732. pp. 306-310.
@article{a30443b2979c4929a689036634956efd,
title = "Development of microwave kinetic inductance detectors and their readout system for LiteBIRD",
abstract = "Primordial gravitational waves generated by inflation have produced an odd-parity pattern B-mode in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. LiteBIRD (Light satellite for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection) aims at detecting this B-mode polarization precisely. It requires about 2000 detectors capable of detecting a frequency range from 50 GHz to 250 GHz with ultra low noise. Superconducting detectors are suitable for this requirement. We have fabricated and tested microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) and developed a new readout system. We have designed antenna-coupled MKIDs. Quasi-particles are created by incident radiation and are detected as a change of the surface impedance of a superconductor strip. This change of the surface impedance is translated into the change of the resonant frequency of a microwave signal transmitted through the resonator. We also have developed a new readout system for MKIDs. The newly developed readout system is not only able to read out the amplitude and the phase data with the homodyne detection for multi-channels, but also provides a unique feature of tracking the resonant frequency of the target resonator. This mechanism enables us to detect signals with a large dynamic range. We report on the recent R&D status of the developing MKIDs and on the read-out system for LiteBIRD.",
keywords = "CMB, LiteBIRD, MKID, Readout",
author = "K. Hattori and M. Hazumi and Hirokazu Ishino and A. Kibayashi and Y. Kibe and S. Mima and T. Okamura and N. Sato and T. Tomaru and Y. Yamada and M. Yoshida and T. Yuasa and H. Watanabe",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2013.08.019",
language = "English",
volume = "732",
pages = "306--310",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of microwave kinetic inductance detectors and their readout system for LiteBIRD

AU - Hattori, K.

AU - Hazumi, M.

AU - Ishino, Hirokazu

AU - Kibayashi, A.

AU - Kibe, Y.

AU - Mima, S.

AU - Okamura, T.

AU - Sato, N.

AU - Tomaru, T.

AU - Yamada, Y.

AU - Yoshida, M.

AU - Yuasa, T.

AU - Watanabe, H.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Primordial gravitational waves generated by inflation have produced an odd-parity pattern B-mode in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. LiteBIRD (Light satellite for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection) aims at detecting this B-mode polarization precisely. It requires about 2000 detectors capable of detecting a frequency range from 50 GHz to 250 GHz with ultra low noise. Superconducting detectors are suitable for this requirement. We have fabricated and tested microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) and developed a new readout system. We have designed antenna-coupled MKIDs. Quasi-particles are created by incident radiation and are detected as a change of the surface impedance of a superconductor strip. This change of the surface impedance is translated into the change of the resonant frequency of a microwave signal transmitted through the resonator. We also have developed a new readout system for MKIDs. The newly developed readout system is not only able to read out the amplitude and the phase data with the homodyne detection for multi-channels, but also provides a unique feature of tracking the resonant frequency of the target resonator. This mechanism enables us to detect signals with a large dynamic range. We report on the recent R&D status of the developing MKIDs and on the read-out system for LiteBIRD.

AB - Primordial gravitational waves generated by inflation have produced an odd-parity pattern B-mode in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. LiteBIRD (Light satellite for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection) aims at detecting this B-mode polarization precisely. It requires about 2000 detectors capable of detecting a frequency range from 50 GHz to 250 GHz with ultra low noise. Superconducting detectors are suitable for this requirement. We have fabricated and tested microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) and developed a new readout system. We have designed antenna-coupled MKIDs. Quasi-particles are created by incident radiation and are detected as a change of the surface impedance of a superconductor strip. This change of the surface impedance is translated into the change of the resonant frequency of a microwave signal transmitted through the resonator. We also have developed a new readout system for MKIDs. The newly developed readout system is not only able to read out the amplitude and the phase data with the homodyne detection for multi-channels, but also provides a unique feature of tracking the resonant frequency of the target resonator. This mechanism enables us to detect signals with a large dynamic range. We report on the recent R&D status of the developing MKIDs and on the read-out system for LiteBIRD.

KW - CMB

KW - LiteBIRD

KW - MKID

KW - Readout

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84889078407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84889078407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2013.08.019

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2013.08.019

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84889078407

VL - 732

SP - 306

EP - 310

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

ER -