Development of iron oxide sorbents for Hg0 removal from coal derived fuel gas: Sulfidation characteristics of iron oxide sorbents and activity for COS formation during Hg0 removal

Shengji Wu, Naoki Oya, Masaki Ozaki, Junichi Kawakami, Azhar Uddin, Eiji Sasaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to develop a process for the removal of Hg0 using H2S over iron oxides sorbents, which will be located just before the wet desulfurization unit and catalytic COS converter of a coal gasification system. It is necessary to understand the reactions between the iron oxide sorbent and other components of the fuel gas such as H2S, CO, H2, H2O, etc. In this study, the sulfidation behavior and activity for COS formation during Hg0 removal from coal derived fuel gas over iron oxides prepared by precipitation and supported iron oxide (1 wt% Fe2O3/TiO2) prepared by conventional impregnation were investigated. The iron oxide samples were dried at 110 °C (designated as Fe2O3-110) and calcined at 300 and 550 °C (Fe2O3-300 and Fe2O3-550). The sulfidation behavior of iron oxide sorbents in coal derived fuel gas was investigated by thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). COS formation during Hg0 removal over iron oxide sorbents was also investigated using a laboratory-scale fixed-bed reactor. It was seen that the Hg0 removal activity of the sorbents increased with the decrease of calcinations temperature of iron oxide and extent of sulfidation of the sorbents also increased with the decrease of calcination temperature. The presence of CO suppressed the weight gain of iron oxide due to sulfidation. COS was formed during the Hg0 removal experiments over Fe2O3-110. However, in the cases of calcined iron oxides (Fe2O3-300, Fe2O3-550) and 1 wt% Fe2O3/TiO2, formation of COS was not observed but the Hg0 removal activity of 1 wt% Fe2O3/TiO2 was high. Both FeS and FeS2 were active for Hg0 removal in coal derived fuel gas without forming any COS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2857-2863
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume86
Issue number17-18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Fingerprint

Coal
Gas fuels
Sorbents
Iron oxides
Carbon Monoxide
Calcination
ferric oxide
Catalytic converters
Coal gasification
Desulfurization
Impregnation
Thermogravimetric analysis
Temperature

Keywords

  • Coal derived fuel gas
  • COS formation
  • Hg removal
  • Iron oxide
  • Sulfidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Development of iron oxide sorbents for Hg0 removal from coal derived fuel gas : Sulfidation characteristics of iron oxide sorbents and activity for COS formation during Hg0 removal. / Wu, Shengji; Oya, Naoki; Ozaki, Masaki; Kawakami, Junichi; Uddin, Azhar; Sasaoka, Eiji.

In: Fuel, Vol. 86, No. 17-18, 12.2007, p. 2857-2863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The aim of this study is to develop a process for the removal of Hg0 using H2S over iron oxides sorbents, which will be located just before the wet desulfurization unit and catalytic COS converter of a coal gasification system. It is necessary to understand the reactions between the iron oxide sorbent and other components of the fuel gas such as H2S, CO, H2, H2O, etc. In this study, the sulfidation behavior and activity for COS formation during Hg0 removal from coal derived fuel gas over iron oxides prepared by precipitation and supported iron oxide (1 wt{\%} Fe2O3/TiO2) prepared by conventional impregnation were investigated. The iron oxide samples were dried at 110 °C (designated as Fe2O3-110) and calcined at 300 and 550 °C (Fe2O3-300 and Fe2O3-550). The sulfidation behavior of iron oxide sorbents in coal derived fuel gas was investigated by thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). COS formation during Hg0 removal over iron oxide sorbents was also investigated using a laboratory-scale fixed-bed reactor. It was seen that the Hg0 removal activity of the sorbents increased with the decrease of calcinations temperature of iron oxide and extent of sulfidation of the sorbents also increased with the decrease of calcination temperature. The presence of CO suppressed the weight gain of iron oxide due to sulfidation. COS was formed during the Hg0 removal experiments over Fe2O3-110. However, in the cases of calcined iron oxides (Fe2O3-300, Fe2O3-550) and 1 wt{\%} Fe2O3/TiO2, formation of COS was not observed but the Hg0 removal activity of 1 wt{\%} Fe2O3/TiO2 was high. Both FeS and FeS2 were active for Hg0 removal in coal derived fuel gas without forming any COS.",
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