Development of inhibitory synaptic transmission to the superior salivatory nucleus in rats

Yoshihiro Mitoh, Makoto Funahashi, Akihito Fujii, Masako Fujita, Motoi Kobashi, Ryuji Matsuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary parasympathetic center of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands is the superior salivatory (SS) nucleus, neurons of which receive excitatory (glutamatergic) and inhibitory (GABAergic and glycinergic) synaptic transmissions in rats. In the present study, to examine postnatal neural development, we focused on inhibitory transmission to the SS neurons in neonatal rats from postnatal day 2 (P2) to P14. Conventional and gramicidin-perforated whole-cell patch-clamp techniques were applied to the neurons in brainstem slices. The decay time constants of GABAergic and glycinergic postsynaptic currents (PSCs) consisted of fast (τfast) and slow (τslow) components. Both τfast and τslow of PSC components tended to become faster with development. The equilibrium potential of Cl- (ECl-) was estimated from the reversal potentials of total PSCs (GABAergic plus glycinergic). The ECl- in the P8-P14 group was significantly more negative than ECl- in the P2-P7 group. Exogenous GABA application at the resting potentials produced depolarization in 83% of SS neurons at P2-P7 and accompanied the action potential in some neurons. In contrast, at P8-P14, GABA evoked hyperpolarization in 78% of SS neurons; therefore, SS neurons did not acquire mature inhibitory systems until P14. The development of SS neurons is discussed as compared with the development of peripheral salivary gland tissue and brainstem neurons that participate in oral motor and sensory functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume1191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 29 2008

Keywords

  • Development
  • GABA
  • Gamicidin
  • Glycine
  • Inhibitory synaptic transmission
  • Patch-clamp
  • Superior salivatory nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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