Development of highly durable retinal prosthesis using photoelectric dyes coupled to polyethylene film and quantitative in vitro evaluation of its durability

Koichiro Yamashita, Tenu Tanaka, Toshihiko Matsuo, Tetsuya Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Retinal prostheses have been developed to restore vision in blind patients suffering from such diseases as retinitis pigmentosa. In our previous studies, we developed a retinal prosthesis called dye-coupled film by chemical coupling of photoelectric dyes, which absorb light and then generate electrical potential, with a polyethylene film surface. The dye-coupled film is nontoxic, and we recovered the vision of a monkey with macular degeneration. The amount of dye on the dye-coupled film, however, decreased to one-third after five months in the monkey's eye. The photoelectric dye consists of a cation with photoresponsivity and a bromide ion (Br-). Therefore, an anion-exchange reaction could be applied to the dye-coupled film to improve its durability. In this study, the anion-exchange reaction was conducted using bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ion (TFSI-), which has lower nucleophilicity than Br-. First, the long-term durability was examined without using animal subjects and in a short period. Subsequently, an elemental analysis was performed to confirm the exchange between Br- and TFSI-, and chemical properties, such as photoresponsivity and durability, before and after the anion exchange, were evaluated. It was quantitatively confirmed that the long-term durability of dye-coupled films can be evaluated in an in vitro environment and in a short period of one-thirtieth by utilizing a saline solution at 60 °C, compared with an in vivo environment. In addition, the durability of the dye-coupled film with TFSI- was improved to 270%-320% compared with that of the dye-coupled film with Br-.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045001
JournalBiomedical Materials (Bristol)
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • durability
  • photoelectric dye
  • polyethylene film
  • retinal prosthesis
  • retinitis pigmentosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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