Oxaliplatin often induces peripheral neuropathy, a dose-limiting adverse reaction, and in rare cases leads to sinusoidal obstruction syndrome. We thus conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the relationship between oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN) and hepatic impairment, and then perform a fundamental study to analyze the underlying mechanisms. Analysis of medical records in cancer patients treated with oxaliplatin indicated that laboratory test parameters of hepatic impairment including AST, ALT and APRI (AST to platelet ratio index) moderately increased during oxaliplatin treatment, which was positively correlated with the severity of OIPN (grades 1–4), and associated with later incidence of survivors with OIPN grades ≥2. In mice, hepatic injury induced by CCl4 or ethanol accelerated OIPN in mice, an effect prevented by inactivation of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), known to participate in OIPN, by the neutralizing antibody or thrombomodulin alfa capable of promoting its thrombin-dependent degradation. Oxaliplatin also aggravated the hepatic injury in mice. CCl4 released HMGB1 from cultured hepatic parenchymal cells, and oxaliplatin at clinically achievable concentrations released HMGB1 from hepatic parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells. Our clinical and preclinical data suggest that the development of mild hepatic impairment during oxaliplatin treatment is associated with later aggravation of OIPN.
- Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN)
- Hepatic injury
- High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)
- Thrombomodulin alfa
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine