Development of external stimuli-responsive organic π molecules and the creation of novel photo-functions

Shinichiro Kamino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have found that the spiro form of aminobenzopyranoxanthene (ABPX) exhibits dual solvatochromic and nanoaggregate fluorescence in organic solvents by spectrophotometric and theoretical analyses. The dual fluorescence properties of ABPX were adjustable in response to water content, and served as a new detection principal for naked-eye visualization (above 0.5 wt%) and quantifIcation (0.010-0.125 wt%) of water in tetrahydrofuran. In investigating the optical properties of a dicationic form of ABPX, ABPX containing linear n-alkyl chains at amino groups were then synthesized. These ABPX exhibited fluorescence emission in the far-red and NIR wavelength regions, and we noted an increased fluorescence quantum efficiency with increasing n-alkyl chain length. To further improve the fluorescence quantum yields, we have designed and synthesized ABPX with different nitrogen-containing fused rings. It was kinetically demonstrated that the structurally rigid conjugation of the xanthene moiety is an effective molecular design for the drastic enhancement of fluorescence emission efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-986
Number of pages12
JournalYakugaku Zasshi
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Aminobenzopyranoxanthene
  • Chromism
  • Organic π molecule
  • Rhodamine
  • Stimuli-responsive molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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