Development of co-located 129Xe and 131Xe nuclear spin masers with external feedback scheme

T. Sato, Y. Ichikawa, S. Kojima, C. Funayama, S. Tanaka, T. Inoue, A. Uchiyama, A. Gladkov, A. Takamine, Y. Sakamoto, Y. Ohtomo, C. Hirao, M. Chikamori, E. Hikota, T. Suzuki, M. Tsuchiya, T. Furukawa, Akihiro Yoshimi, C. P. Bidinosti, T. InoH. Ueno, Y. Matsuo, T. Fukuyama, N. Yoshinaga, Y. Sakemi, K. Asahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on the operation of co-located 129Xe and 131Xe nuclear spin masers with an external feedback scheme, and discuss the use of 131Xe as a comagnetometer in measurements of the 129Xe spin precession frequency. By applying a correction based on the observed change in the 131Xe frequency, the frequency instability due to magnetic field and cell temperature drifts are eliminated by two orders of magnitude. The frequency precision of 6.2 μHz is obtained for a 104 s averaging time, suggesting the possibility of future improvement to ≈ 1 nHz by improving the signal-to-noise ratio of the observation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-594
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Volume382
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 27 2018

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masers
nuclear spin
precession
signal to noise ratios
cells
magnetic fields
temperature

Keywords

  • Comagnetometry
  • Fundamental interaction
  • Nuclear spin maser
  • Optical spin detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Development of co-located 129Xe and 131Xe nuclear spin masers with external feedback scheme. / Sato, T.; Ichikawa, Y.; Kojima, S.; Funayama, C.; Tanaka, S.; Inoue, T.; Uchiyama, A.; Gladkov, A.; Takamine, A.; Sakamoto, Y.; Ohtomo, Y.; Hirao, C.; Chikamori, M.; Hikota, E.; Suzuki, T.; Tsuchiya, M.; Furukawa, T.; Yoshimi, Akihiro; Bidinosti, C. P.; Ino, T.; Ueno, H.; Matsuo, Y.; Fukuyama, T.; Yoshinaga, N.; Sakemi, Y.; Asahi, K.

In: Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics, Vol. 382, No. 8, 27.02.2018, p. 588-594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sato, T, Ichikawa, Y, Kojima, S, Funayama, C, Tanaka, S, Inoue, T, Uchiyama, A, Gladkov, A, Takamine, A, Sakamoto, Y, Ohtomo, Y, Hirao, C, Chikamori, M, Hikota, E, Suzuki, T, Tsuchiya, M, Furukawa, T, Yoshimi, A, Bidinosti, CP, Ino, T, Ueno, H, Matsuo, Y, Fukuyama, T, Yoshinaga, N, Sakemi, Y & Asahi, K 2018, 'Development of co-located 129Xe and 131Xe nuclear spin masers with external feedback scheme', Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics, vol. 382, no. 8, pp. 588-594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2017.12.003
Sato, T. ; Ichikawa, Y. ; Kojima, S. ; Funayama, C. ; Tanaka, S. ; Inoue, T. ; Uchiyama, A. ; Gladkov, A. ; Takamine, A. ; Sakamoto, Y. ; Ohtomo, Y. ; Hirao, C. ; Chikamori, M. ; Hikota, E. ; Suzuki, T. ; Tsuchiya, M. ; Furukawa, T. ; Yoshimi, Akihiro ; Bidinosti, C. P. ; Ino, T. ; Ueno, H. ; Matsuo, Y. ; Fukuyama, T. ; Yoshinaga, N. ; Sakemi, Y. ; Asahi, K. / Development of co-located 129Xe and 131Xe nuclear spin masers with external feedback scheme. In: Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 382, No. 8. pp. 588-594.
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AU - Ichikawa, Y.

AU - Kojima, S.

AU - Funayama, C.

AU - Tanaka, S.

AU - Inoue, T.

AU - Uchiyama, A.

AU - Gladkov, A.

AU - Takamine, A.

AU - Sakamoto, Y.

AU - Ohtomo, Y.

AU - Hirao, C.

AU - Chikamori, M.

AU - Hikota, E.

AU - Suzuki, T.

AU - Tsuchiya, M.

AU - Furukawa, T.

AU - Yoshimi, Akihiro

AU - Bidinosti, C. P.

AU - Ino, T.

AU - Ueno, H.

AU - Matsuo, Y.

AU - Fukuyama, T.

AU - Yoshinaga, N.

AU - Sakemi, Y.

AU - Asahi, K.

PY - 2018/2/27

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AB - We report on the operation of co-located 129Xe and 131Xe nuclear spin masers with an external feedback scheme, and discuss the use of 131Xe as a comagnetometer in measurements of the 129Xe spin precession frequency. By applying a correction based on the observed change in the 131Xe frequency, the frequency instability due to magnetic field and cell temperature drifts are eliminated by two orders of magnitude. The frequency precision of 6.2 μHz is obtained for a 104 s averaging time, suggesting the possibility of future improvement to ≈ 1 nHz by improving the signal-to-noise ratio of the observation.

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KW - Fundamental interaction

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KW - Optical spin detection

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