Development of an appropriate simple suspension method for valganciclovir medication

Yasuyuki Masaoka, Yoichi Kawasaki, Ryo Kikuoka, Atsushi Ogawa, Satoru Esumi, Yudai Wada, Soichiro Ushio, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Valganciclovir (VGC) is essential for preventing cytomegalovirus infections after transplants in adult and pediatric patients. In pediatric patients, VGC tablets have to be pulverized so that they can be delivered via nasogastric tubes. The "simple suspension method"is usually used to suspend tablets in hot water in Japan. However, the optimal suspension conditions and metering methods for preparing VGC suspensions using the simple suspension method are unclear. The purpose of this study was to clarify these issues. Methods: VGC tablets were suspended in water (initial water temperature: 25 °C or 55 °C) using the simple suspension method. The residual rate of VGC after it had been suspended in hot water was determined using HPLC. In addition, the suspended solution was passed through 6, 8, and 12 Fr. gavage tubes. The VGC concentrations of suspensions produced using different preparation methods were also determined using HPLC. Results: Cracking the surfaces of VGC tablets and suspending them in water at an initial temperature of 55 °C was effective at dissolving the tablets. The VGC concentration of the suspension remained stable for at least 80 min. Furthermore, the VGC concentration remained stable for 48 h during cold dark storage. Cracking the surfaces of VGC tablets could be a more effective metering method than preparing powder from VGC tablets. In addition, little VGC remained in 6, 8, or 12 Fr. gavage tubes after VGC solution was passed through them. Conclusion: The amount of VGC should be measured carefully when preparing VGC solutions using the simple suspension method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00172
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2020


  • Gavage tube
  • HPLC
  • Simple suspension method
  • Stability
  • Valganciclovir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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