Development of a miniaturized photometer with paired emitter-detector light-emitting diodes for investigating thiocyanate levels in the saliva of smokers and non-smokers

Sasikarn Seetasang, Takashi Kaneta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple, small and inexpensive photometer that uses a pair of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and a simple operational amplifier was developed for investigating thiocyanate levels in saliva obtained from smokers and non-smokers. The photometer is based on paired emitter-detector diodes (PEDDs), and the entire system can be purchased for less than a hundred US dollars. The PEDD-based photometer can measure the transmittance of a solution in a 1-cm disposable polystyrene cuvette using only rechargeable dry-cell batteries, which makes it suitable for analysis outside of equipped laboratories. The metal complex formation between Fe (III) and thiocyanate ions in an acidic condition permits colorimetric detection of thiocyanate ions using LEDs emitting at 465 nm, because the complex shows maximum absorption at 457 nm. The developed photometer exhibits excellent performance with linearity ranging from 0.05 mmol L−1 to 0.75 mmol L−1 and a correlation coefficient (r2) > 0.999. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.01 mmol L−1 and 0.05 mmol L−1, respectively. Both intra- and inter-day precision were obtained with relative standard deviations (RSD) of less than 1% in the determination of thiocyanate. The proposed method is simple, facile, and sensitive enough to investigate the levels of thiocyanate in the saliva samples of smokers and non-smokers with centrifugation being the only special treatment for samples. The results showed that the concentrations of thiocyanate were approximately 5-fold higher in smokers than in non-smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-591
Number of pages6
JournalTalanta
Volume204
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

Fingerprint

Photometers
Light emitting diodes
Diodes
Detectors
Centrifugation
Operational amplifiers
Polystyrenes
Coordination Complexes
thiocyanate

Keywords

  • Light-emitting diode
  • Paired emitter-detector diodes
  • Photometer
  • Saliva
  • Smoker
  • Thiocyanate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Development of a miniaturized photometer with paired emitter-detector light-emitting diodes for investigating thiocyanate levels in the saliva of smokers and non-smokers",
abstract = "A simple, small and inexpensive photometer that uses a pair of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and a simple operational amplifier was developed for investigating thiocyanate levels in saliva obtained from smokers and non-smokers. The photometer is based on paired emitter-detector diodes (PEDDs), and the entire system can be purchased for less than a hundred US dollars. The PEDD-based photometer can measure the transmittance of a solution in a 1-cm disposable polystyrene cuvette using only rechargeable dry-cell batteries, which makes it suitable for analysis outside of equipped laboratories. The metal complex formation between Fe (III) and thiocyanate ions in an acidic condition permits colorimetric detection of thiocyanate ions using LEDs emitting at 465 nm, because the complex shows maximum absorption at 457 nm. The developed photometer exhibits excellent performance with linearity ranging from 0.05 mmol L−1 to 0.75 mmol L−1 and a correlation coefficient (r2) > 0.999. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.01 mmol L−1 and 0.05 mmol L−1, respectively. Both intra- and inter-day precision were obtained with relative standard deviations (RSD) of less than 1{\%} in the determination of thiocyanate. The proposed method is simple, facile, and sensitive enough to investigate the levels of thiocyanate in the saliva samples of smokers and non-smokers with centrifugation being the only special treatment for samples. The results showed that the concentrations of thiocyanate were approximately 5-fold higher in smokers than in non-smokers.",
keywords = "Light-emitting diode, Paired emitter-detector diodes, Photometer, Saliva, Smoker, Thiocyanate",
author = "Sasikarn Seetasang and Takashi Kaneta",
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N2 - A simple, small and inexpensive photometer that uses a pair of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and a simple operational amplifier was developed for investigating thiocyanate levels in saliva obtained from smokers and non-smokers. The photometer is based on paired emitter-detector diodes (PEDDs), and the entire system can be purchased for less than a hundred US dollars. The PEDD-based photometer can measure the transmittance of a solution in a 1-cm disposable polystyrene cuvette using only rechargeable dry-cell batteries, which makes it suitable for analysis outside of equipped laboratories. The metal complex formation between Fe (III) and thiocyanate ions in an acidic condition permits colorimetric detection of thiocyanate ions using LEDs emitting at 465 nm, because the complex shows maximum absorption at 457 nm. The developed photometer exhibits excellent performance with linearity ranging from 0.05 mmol L−1 to 0.75 mmol L−1 and a correlation coefficient (r2) > 0.999. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.01 mmol L−1 and 0.05 mmol L−1, respectively. Both intra- and inter-day precision were obtained with relative standard deviations (RSD) of less than 1% in the determination of thiocyanate. The proposed method is simple, facile, and sensitive enough to investigate the levels of thiocyanate in the saliva samples of smokers and non-smokers with centrifugation being the only special treatment for samples. The results showed that the concentrations of thiocyanate were approximately 5-fold higher in smokers than in non-smokers.

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