Development and pharmacist-mediated use of tools for monitoring atypical antipsychotic-induced side effects related to blood glucose levels

Shunsuke Ishida, Kenshi Takechi, Hiroshi Bando, Masaki Imanishi, Yoshito Zamami, Masayuki Chuma, Hiroaki Yanagawa, Yasushi Kirino, Toshimi Nakamura, Kazuhiko Teraoka, Keisuke Ishizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Drug side effects often lead to serious outcomes. Administration of second-generation antipsychotics has resulted in diabetic ketoacidosis and diabetic coma leading to death. Therefore, pharmacists are required to collect information on clinical test values, determine the appropriate test timing, and coordinate with doctors for further clinical laboratory orders, all of which are labor-intensive and time-intensive tasks. In this study, we developed a side effect-monitoring tool and aimed to clarify the influence and efficiency of monitoring side effects by using the tool in patients taking atypical antipsychotics in whom it is necessary to check clinical test values such as blood sugar levels. Methods: We extracted clinical test values for patients treated with second-generation antipsychotics from electronic medical records. The test values are automatically displayed in the side effect grade classification specified by CTCAE ver. 4.0. A database was constructed using scripts to provide alerts for the timing of clinical testing. The pharmacist used this tool to confirm clinical test values for patients taking medication and requested the physician to inspect orders based on the appropriate test timings. Results: The management tool reduced the pharmacists' effort in collecting information on patients' prescription status and test values. It enabled patients to undergo tests at the appropriate time according to the progression of glucose metabolism and allowed for easy monitoring of side effects. Conclusions: The results suggested that regardless of pharmacists' experience or skill, the introduction of this tool enables centralization of side effect monitoring and can contribute to proper drug use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1384
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atypical antipsychotics
  • clinical intervention
  • clinical value
  • monitoring
  • pharmacoepidemiology
  • side effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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