Development and characterization of a 68Ga-labeled A20FMDV2 peptide probe for the PET imaging of αvβ6 integrin-positive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Takashi Ui, Masashi Ueda, Yusuke Higaki, Shinichiro Kamino, Kohei Sano, Hiroyuki Kimura, Hideo Saji, Shuichi Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is known to be one of the most lethal cancers. Since the majority of patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage, development of a detection method for PDAC at an earlier stage of disease progression is strongly desirable. Integrin αVβ6 is a promising target for early PDAC detection because its expression increases during precancerous changes. The present study aimed to develop an imaging probe for positron emission tomography (PET) which targets αVβ6 integrin-positive PDAC. We selected A20FMDV2 peptide, which binds specifically to αvβ6 integrin, as a probe scaffold, and 68Ga as a radioisotope. A20FMDV2 peptide has not been previously labeled with 68Ga. A cysteine residue was introduced to the N-terminus of the probe at a site-specific conjugation of maleimide-NOTA (mal-NOTA) chelate. Different numbers of glycine residues were also introduced between cysteine and the A20FMDV2 sequence as a spacer in order to reduce the steric hindrance of the mal-NOTA on the binding probe to αVβ6 integrin. In vitro, the competitive binding assay revealed that probes containing a 6-glycine linker ([natGa]CG6 and [natGa]Ac-CG6) showed high affinity to αVβ6 integrin. Both probes could be labeled by 67/68Ga with high radiochemical yield (>50%) and purity (>98%). On biodistribution analysis, [67Ga]Ac-CG6 showed higher tumor accumulation, faster blood clearance, and lower accumulation in the surrounding organs of pancreas than did [67Ga]CG6. The αVβ6 integrin-positive xenografts were clearly visualized by PET imaging with [68Ga]Ac-CG6. The intratumoral distribution of [68Ga]Ac-CG6 coincided with the αVβ6 integrin-positive regions detected by immunohistochemistry. Thus, [68Ga]Ac-CG6 is a useful peptide probe for the imaging of αVβ6 integrin in PDAC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115189
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Positron emission tomography
Integrins
Positron-Emission Tomography
Adenocarcinoma
Imaging techniques
Peptides
Glycine
Cysteine
Competitive Binding
Heterografts
Scaffolds
Radioisotopes
Disease Progression
Tumors
Pancreas
Assays
Neoplasms
Blood
Immunohistochemistry

Keywords

  • A20FMDV2 peptide
  • Gallium-68
  • Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
  • Positron emission tomography
  • αvβ6 integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Development and characterization of a 68Ga-labeled A20FMDV2 peptide probe for the PET imaging of αvβ6 integrin-positive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. / Ui, Takashi; Ueda, Masashi; Higaki, Yusuke; Kamino, Shinichiro; Sano, Kohei; Kimura, Hiroyuki; Saji, Hideo; Enomoto, Shuichi.

In: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is known to be one of the most lethal cancers. Since the majority of patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage, development of a detection method for PDAC at an earlier stage of disease progression is strongly desirable. Integrin αVβ6 is a promising target for early PDAC detection because its expression increases during precancerous changes. The present study aimed to develop an imaging probe for positron emission tomography (PET) which targets αVβ6 integrin-positive PDAC. We selected A20FMDV2 peptide, which binds specifically to αvβ6 integrin, as a probe scaffold, and 68Ga as a radioisotope. A20FMDV2 peptide has not been previously labeled with 68Ga. A cysteine residue was introduced to the N-terminus of the probe at a site-specific conjugation of maleimide-NOTA (mal-NOTA) chelate. Different numbers of glycine residues were also introduced between cysteine and the A20FMDV2 sequence as a spacer in order to reduce the steric hindrance of the mal-NOTA on the binding probe to αVβ6 integrin. In vitro, the competitive binding assay revealed that probes containing a 6-glycine linker ([natGa]CG6 and [natGa]Ac-CG6) showed high affinity to αVβ6 integrin. Both probes could be labeled by 67/68Ga with high radiochemical yield (>50{\%}) and purity (>98{\%}). On biodistribution analysis, [67Ga]Ac-CG6 showed higher tumor accumulation, faster blood clearance, and lower accumulation in the surrounding organs of pancreas than did [67Ga]CG6. The αVβ6 integrin-positive xenografts were clearly visualized by PET imaging with [68Ga]Ac-CG6. The intratumoral distribution of [68Ga]Ac-CG6 coincided with the αVβ6 integrin-positive regions detected by immunohistochemistry. Thus, [68Ga]Ac-CG6 is a useful peptide probe for the imaging of αVβ6 integrin in PDAC.",
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AU - Ui, Takashi

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AU - Higaki, Yusuke

AU - Kamino, Shinichiro

AU - Sano, Kohei

AU - Kimura, Hiroyuki

AU - Saji, Hideo

AU - Enomoto, Shuichi

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AB - Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is known to be one of the most lethal cancers. Since the majority of patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage, development of a detection method for PDAC at an earlier stage of disease progression is strongly desirable. Integrin αVβ6 is a promising target for early PDAC detection because its expression increases during precancerous changes. The present study aimed to develop an imaging probe for positron emission tomography (PET) which targets αVβ6 integrin-positive PDAC. We selected A20FMDV2 peptide, which binds specifically to αvβ6 integrin, as a probe scaffold, and 68Ga as a radioisotope. A20FMDV2 peptide has not been previously labeled with 68Ga. A cysteine residue was introduced to the N-terminus of the probe at a site-specific conjugation of maleimide-NOTA (mal-NOTA) chelate. Different numbers of glycine residues were also introduced between cysteine and the A20FMDV2 sequence as a spacer in order to reduce the steric hindrance of the mal-NOTA on the binding probe to αVβ6 integrin. In vitro, the competitive binding assay revealed that probes containing a 6-glycine linker ([natGa]CG6 and [natGa]Ac-CG6) showed high affinity to αVβ6 integrin. Both probes could be labeled by 67/68Ga with high radiochemical yield (>50%) and purity (>98%). On biodistribution analysis, [67Ga]Ac-CG6 showed higher tumor accumulation, faster blood clearance, and lower accumulation in the surrounding organs of pancreas than did [67Ga]CG6. The αVβ6 integrin-positive xenografts were clearly visualized by PET imaging with [68Ga]Ac-CG6. The intratumoral distribution of [68Ga]Ac-CG6 coincided with the αVβ6 integrin-positive regions detected by immunohistochemistry. Thus, [68Ga]Ac-CG6 is a useful peptide probe for the imaging of αVβ6 integrin in PDAC.

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KW - Positron emission tomography

KW - αvβ6 integrin

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