Determination of effective microscopic models for the frustrated antiferromagnets Cs2CuCl4 and Cs2CuBr 4 by density functional methods

Kateryna Foyevtsova, Ingo Opahle, Yu Zhong Zhang, Harald Olaf Jeschke, Roser Valentí

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33 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of the frustrated triangular-lattice antiferromagnets Cs2CuCl4 and Cs 2CuBr4 in the framework of density functional theory. Analysis of the exchange couplings J and J using the available x-ray structural data corroborates the values obtained from experimental results for Cs2CuBr4 but not for Cs2CuCl 4. In order to understand this discrepancy, we perform a detailed study of the effect of structural optimization on the exchange couplings of Cs2CuCl4 employing different exchange-correlation functionals. We find that the exchange couplings depend on rather subtle details of the structural optimization and that only when the insulating state (mediated through spin polarization) is present in the structural optimization, we do have good agreement between the calculated and the experimentally determined exchange couplings. Finally, we discuss the effect of interlayer couplings as well as longer-ranged couplings in both systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125126
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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