Detection of occult tumor cells in peripheral blood from patients with small cell lung cancer by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction

Akihiro Bessho, Masahiro Tabata, Katsuyuki Kiura, Ichiro Takata, Takuya Nagata, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Kouichi Kunisada, Hiroshi Ueoka, Mine Harada

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of tumor-specific or -associated genes is a sensitive assay for detecting a minimal number of tumor cells in peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM). In this study, we determined whether mRNA of bombesin receptors is detectable in PB or peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) samples from patients with small cell lung cancer. Among three bombesin-like peptide receptors, we used the neuromedin B receptor (NMB-R) gene as a target, because of the most frequent expression on SCLC cell lines. The lower limit of detection was one tumor cell in one million normal PB cells and there was no detection in normal PB or BM cells unlike a cytokeratin 19 gene. The NMB-R gene was detected in 14 (31.8%) of 44 PB samples from patients with SCLC at diagnosis and 2 (15.4%) of 13 samples of PBPC collected during a recovery phase after chemotherapy followed by administration of G-CSF (filgrastim). At diagnosis, patients whose PB was positive for the NMB-R gene had a significantly shorter survival than those who were negative. Our observation suggests that this assay may be useful in diagnosing metastatic disease and monitoring minimal residual disease in patients with SCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1154
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer research
Volume20
Issue number2 B
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2000

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Keywords

  • Bombesin
  • GRP-receptor
  • Molecular detection
  • NMB-receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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